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Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task
TLDR
This work investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection, and found that participants failed to notice conspicuous mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome they were presented with, while nevertheless offering introspectively derived reasons for why they chose the way they did.
The role of social cognition in emotion
TLDR
The close functional relationship between social cognition and emotion might be understood in terms of a central role for mental state attribution in the understanding, learning and regulation of emotion.
Social learning of fear
TLDR
This work reviews research suggesting that an amygdala-centered model of fear conditioning can help to explain social learning of fear and describes how observational and instructed fear is distinguished by involvement of additional neural systems implicated in social-emotional behavior, language and explicit memory.
Learned Fear of “Unseen” Faces after Pavlovian, Observational, and Instructed Fear
TLDR
As in previous studies, participants also displayed a significant learning response to masked stimuli following Pavlovian conditioning, however, whereas the observational-learning group also showed this effect, the instructed- learning group did not.
The Role of Social Groups in the Persistence of Learned Fear
TLDR
This work examined how the mechanisms of fear conditioning apply when humans learn to associate social ingroup and outgroup members with a fearful event, with the goal of advancing the understanding of basic learning theory and social group interaction.
Cues of fatigue: effects of sleep deprivation on facial appearance.
TLDR
The results show that sleep deprivation affects features relating to the eyes, mouth, and skin, and that these features function as cues of sleep loss to other people.
Learning fears by observing others: the neural systems of social fear transmission.
TLDR
It is shown that fear acquired indirectly through social observation, with no personal experience of the aversive event, engages similar neural mechanisms as fear conditioning, and suggests that indirectly attained fears may be as powerful as fears originating from direct experiences.
Extending animal models of fear conditioning to humans
TLDR
This manuscript reviews how animal models of fear are translated to human behavior, and how some fears are more easily acquired in humans (i.e., social-cultural), and attempts to extend these findings to human models targeted to helping facilitate extinction or abolishment of fears.
Fear Extinction to an Out-Group Face
TLDR
This work provides an important extension to previous work by demonstrating that this fear-extinction bias occurs solely when the exemplars are male, and underscores the importance of considering how gender of the target stimulus affects psychological and physiological responses to out-group threat.
Are fear memories erasable?–reconsolidation of learned fear with fear-relevant and fear-irrelevant stimuli
TLDR
It is found that a single reminder exposure prior to extinction training did not prevent the return of extinguished fear responding using either fear-relevant or fear-irrelevant CSs, pointing to the need to further study the specific parameters that enable disruption of reconsolidation.
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