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APOBEC3G-Mediated G-to-A Hypermutation of the HIV-1 Genome: The Missing Link in Antiviral Molecular Mechanisms
APOBEC3G (A3G) is a member of the cellular polynucleotide cytidine deaminases, which catalyze the deamination of cytosine (dC) to uracil (dU) in single-stranded DNA. These enzymes potently inhibitExpand
Mapping Region of Human Restriction Factor APOBEC3H Critical for Interaction with HIV-1 Vif.
The APOBEC3 (A3) family of cellular cytidine deaminases comprises seven members (A, B, C, D, F, G, and H) that potently inhibit retroviral replication. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) VifExpand
Full Genome Sequences of Zebra-Borne Equine Herpesvirus Type 1 Isolated from Zebra, Onager and Thomson’s Gazelle
ABSTRACT A strain of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) was isolated from zebra. This strain, called “zebra-borne EHV-1”, was also isolated from an onager and a gazelle in zoological gardens in U.S.A.Expand
Acidification effects on isolation of extracellular vesicles from bovine milk
Bovine milk extracellular vesicles (EVs) attract research interest as carriers of biologically active cargo including miRNA from donor to recipient cells to facilitate intercellular communication.Expand
mRNA Profile in Milk Extracellular Vesicles from Bovine Leukemia Virus-Infected Cattle
Milk extracellular vesicles (EVs) form an excellent source of mRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), proteins, and lipids that represent the physiological and pathological status of the host. Recent studies haveExpand
Susceptibility of BALB/c-nu/nu Mice and BALB/c Mice to Equine Herpesvirus 9 Infection
This study aimed to clarify the timing and infectivity of equine herpesvirus 9 (EHV-9) infection in BALB/c-nu/nu mice and their immunocompetent counterpart (BALB/c). Following intranasal inoculationExpand
Efficient method for isolation of exosomes from raw bovine milk
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to establish a rapid and simple method for isolating exosomes from raw bovine milk and to compare the quality of the isolated exosomes with those isolated by aExpand
The N-terminal region of serum amyloid A3 protein activates NF-κB and up-regulates MUC2 mucin mRNA expression in mouse colonic epithelial cells
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is the major acute-phase protein and a precursor of amyloid A (AA) in AA amyloidosis in humans and animals. SAA isoforms have been identified in a wide variety of animals, suchExpand
Intracellular localization of Equine herpesvirus type 1 tegument protein VP22.
Intracellular localization of Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) tegument protein VP22 was examined by using a plasmid that expressed VP22 fused with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). AlsoExpand
Sequential detection of pseudocowpox virus and bovine papular stomatitis virus in a same calf in Japan
We detected parapoxviruses from environmental samples and calves with and without intraoral clinical signs and conducted molecular and serological analyses. Pseudocowpox virus (PCPV) was detectedExpand