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Deflecting the trajectory and changing the narrative: how self-affirmation affects academic performance and motivation under identity threat.
To the extent that stereotype and identity threat undermine academic performance, social psychological interventions that lessen threat could buffer threatened students and improve performance, two studies examined whether a values affirmation writing exercise could attenuate the achievement gap between Latino American and European American students. Expand
Defensiveness Versus Remediation: Self-Theories and Modes of Self-Esteem Maintenance
What determines whether people will use direct, remedial actions, or defensive actions is asked, and remedial strategies were the most effective in recovering lost self-esteem for people in the incremental condition, whereas defensive strategies were most effective for those in the entity condition. Expand
Situational disengagement and persistence in the face of adversity
Research suggests that the experience of belonging to a group whose academic abilities are negatively stereotyped fosters disidentification over time, that is, the psychological insulation of theExpand
Affirmed yet unaware: exploring the role of awareness in the process of self-affirmation.
It is suggested not only that affirmation processes can proceed without awareness but also that increased awareness of the affirmation may diminish its impact. Expand
Potential Moral Stigma and Reactions to Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Evidence for a Disjunction Fallacy
Five experiments demonstrate how potential moral stigma leads people to underplay their susceptibility to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and dampens their interest in getting tested and suggest that avoidance of potential stigma can have dramatic health consequences, both for an individual's health decision and for health policy. Expand
The insidious (and ironic) effects of positive stereotypes
The present research demonstrates that positive stereotypes – though often treated as harmless, flattering and innocuous – may represent an especially insidious means of promoting antiquated beliefsExpand
Fear-Driven Inference: Mechanisms of Gut Overreaction
Model-based reasoning requires not only inferences about what is happening, but also evaluations of the desirability of what is happening. Emotions are a key part of such assessments, but sometimesExpand