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A newly identified bocavirus species in human stool.
TLDR
Nearly-full-length genome sequencing revealed the presence of 3 HBoV2 genotypes and evidence of recombination between genotypes, and further studies are necessary to identify anatomical sites of H BoV2 replication and potential associations with clinical symptoms or disease.
Role of mineral nutrition in minimizing cadmium accumulation by plants.
TLDR
The role of some macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and calcium), micronut nutrients (zinc, iron and manganese), and silicon (a beneficial nutrient) has been discussed in detail as to how these nutrients play their role in decreasing Cd uptake and accumulation in crop plants.
Molecular epidemiology of Hepatitis B virus genotypes in Pakistan
TLDR
In Asia, genotypes B and C are the most prevalent but this study reveals that genotype D is predominant and HBV infection constitutes a significant health problem in Pakistan.
A highly prevalent and genetically diversified Picornaviridae genus in South Asian children
TLDR
A genetically diverse and highly prevalent enteric viral infection, characteristics similar to the Enterovirus genus, was therefore identified substantially expanding the genetic diversity of the RNA viral flora commonly found in children.
Cardioviruses Are Genetically Diverse and Cause Common Enteric Infections in South Asian Children
TLDR
Three near-full-length genomes were sequenced, showing the presence of divergent strains of SAFV and preliminary evidence of a distant recombination event between the ancestors of the Theiler-like viruses of rats and those of human SAFV, doubling the reported genetic diversity of human and animal theiloviruses combined.
Metagenomic Analyses of Viruses in Stool Samples from Children with Acute Flaccid Paralysis
TLDR
Viral nucleic acids in stool samples collected from 35 South Asian children with nonpolio acute flaccid paralysis contained members of a novel Picornaviridae genus and four new viral species, including a potentially novel Enterovirus genotype.
Multiple Independent Emergences of Type 2 Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses during a Large Outbreak in Northern Nigeria
TLDR
It is estimated from the poliomyelitis case count and the paralytic case-to-infection ratio for type 2 wild poliovirus infections that ∼700,000 cVDPV2 infections have occurred during the outbreak.
Serology based disease status of Pakistani population infected with Hepatitis B virus
TLDR
The results indicate high prevalence rate of Hepatitis B virus infection and nationwide vaccination campaigns along with public awareness and educational programs are needed to be practiced urgently.
Suppression of cadmium concentration in wheat grains by silicon is related to its application rate and cadmium accumulating abilities of cultivars.
TLDR
Application of Si at 150 mg kg(-1) proved to be an effective level of Si that could significantly lower Cd concentration in wheat grains by causing a decrease in both plant-available soil Cd and its translocation from roots to shoots.
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