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Scientific Opinion on Arsenic in Food 1 EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain ( CONTAM )
Arsenic is a metalloid that occurs in different inorganic and organic forms, which are found in the environment both from natural occurrence and from anthropogenic activity. The inorganic forms of…
SCIENTIFIC OPINION Nitrite as undesirable substances in animal feed 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain
SUMMARY Nitrite is formed naturally by the nitrogen cycle during the process of nitrogen fixation and it is subsequently converted to nitrate, a major nutrient assimilated by plants. Two main nitrite…
Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants: environmental contamination, human body burden and potential adverse health effects.
- L. Costa, G. Giordano, S. Tagliaferri, A. Caglieri, A. Mutti
- ChemistryActa bio-medica : Atenei Parmensis
- 1 December 2008
Concerns on possible adverse health effects of PBDEs are focusing on their potential endocrine disrupting effects and on developmental neurotoxicity.
Neurobehavioral effects of manganese in workers from a ferroalloy plant after temporary cessation of exposure.
The hypothesis that the neurobehavioral effects observed at exposure levels well below current occupational standards are related to manganese body burden is supported, which is better reflected by the bloodManganese level after the cessation of exposure.
Exhaled volatile organic compounds in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: cross sectional and nested short-term follow-up study
VOC analysis could be used as a complementary test for the early diagnosis of lung cancer and its possible use in the follow-up of operated patients cannot be recommended on the basis of the results of the short-term nested study.
Renal and Neurologic Effects of Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, and Arsenic in Children: Evidence of Early Effects and Multiple Interactions at Environmental Exposure Levels
Heavy metals polluting the environment can cause subtle effects on children’s renal and dopaminergic systems without clear evidence of a threshold, which reinforces the need to control and regulate potential sources of contamination by heavy metals.
Nitrate in vegetables Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food chain 1
SUMMARY Nitrate is a naturally occurring compound that is part of the nitrogen cycle, as well as an approved food additive. It plays an important role in the nutrition and function of plants. Nitrate…
Marine biotoxins in shellfish - okadaic acid and analogues 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food chain
Okadaic acid and its analogues, the dinophysis toxins (DTX1, DTX2, and DTX3), together form the group of OA-toxins, which cause Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP), which is characterised by symptoms such as diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Comparison between 3‐MCPD and its palmitic esters in a 90‐day toxicological study
The overall picture of nephrotoxicity was consistent with tubulotoxicity, which in female rats was severe enough to cause acute renal failure in 20 to 50 % of animals receiving high doses of 3-MCPD (29.5 mg/kg b.w. per day), whereas in male rats, male rats showed extensive testicular toxicity, with extensive cell depletion.
Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat (swine)
A qualitative risk assessment identified Salmonella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Toxoplasma gondii and Trichinella spp. as the most relevant biological hazards in the context of meat inspection of…