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Is Homo heidelbergensis a distinct species? New insight on the Mauer mandible.
Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya
TLDR
The remains from Nataruk are unique, preserved by the particular conditions of the lagoon with no evidence of deliberate burial, and evidence that warfare was part of the repertoire of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers is reported.
The phylogenetic status of Homo heidelbergensis – a cladistic study of Middle Pleistocene hominins
TLDR
The results show that (i) the identification of a coherent H. heidelbergensis sensu stricto is not well supported and is equivocal; (ii) the hypothetical last common ancestor of H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis has more affinities with African specimens than European; and (iii) two Middle Pleistocene European fossils (Atapuerca SH5 and Steinheim) should be classified as H. Neanderthalense.
The Stem Species of Our Species: A Place for the Archaic Human Cranium from Ceprano, Italy
TLDR
The morphology of the incomplete cranium (calvarium) known as Ceprano, whose age has been recently revised to the mid of the Middle Pleistocene, is evaluated to test whether this specimen may be included in H. heidelbergensis.
Possible Interbreeding in Late Italian Neanderthals? New Data from the Mezzena Jaw (Monti Lessini, Verona, Italy)
TLDR
This study of the Mezzena jaw shows that the chin region is similar to that of other late Neanderthals which display a much more modern morphology with an incipient mental trigone, leading to a non abrupt phylogenetic transition for this period in Europe.
Hyperspectral imaging, spectrofluorimetry, FORS and XRF for the non-invasive study of medieval miniatures materials
BackgroundIlluminated manuscripts are complex multi-layer and multi-material objects. To this difficulty, from the analytical point of view, is added the impossibility of removing samples from these
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