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Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers.
TLDR
The polymerase chain reaction is used to amplify homologous segments of mtDNA from more than 100 animal species, including mammals, birds, amphibians, fishes, and some invertebrates, and the unexpectedly wide taxonomic utility of these primers offers opportunities for phylogenetic and population research.
Monophyletic origin of Lake Victoria cichlid fishes suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequences
TLDR
This work sequenced up to 803 base pairs of mitochondrial DNA from 14 representative Victorian species and 23 additional African species to study the 'flock' of cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria.
SHAPE ANALYSIS OF SYMMETRIC STRUCTURES: QUANTIFYING VARIATION AMONG INDIVIDUALS AND ASYMMETRY
TLDR
A method for partitioning the total shape variation of landmark configurations with object symmetry into components of asymmetric variation among individuals and asymmetry is explained and some general recommendations for morphometric studies of symmetric shapes are provided.
Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish
TLDR
A convincing case of sympatric speciation is presented in the Midas cichlid species complex (Amphilophus sp.) in a young and small volcanic crater lake in Nicaragua and it is found that the two species in Lake Apoyo are reproductively isolated and eco-morphologically distinct.
Initial Diversification of Living Amphibians Predated the Breakup of Pangaea
TLDR
A robust molecular phylogeny based on the nuclear RAG1 gene as well as results from a variety of alternative independent molecular clock calibrations suggest that the origin and early divergence of the three living amphibian orders dates back to the Palaeozoic or early Mesozoic, before the breakup of Pangaea, and soon after the divergence from lobe‐finned fishes.
Out of Tanganyika: Genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes
TLDR
The most extensive phylogenetic and phylogeographic analysis so far that includes about 100 species and is based on about 2,000 bp of the mitochondrial DNA concludes that Lake Tanganyika is the geographic and genetic cradle of all haplochromine lineages.
Phylogenetic Timing of the Fish-Specific Genome Duplication Correlates with the Diversification of Teleost Fish
TLDR
Individual gene trees for these three genes and a concatenated dataset support the hypothesis that the fish-specific genome duplication event took place after the split of the Acipenseriformes and the Semionotiformes from the lineage leading to teleost fish but before the divergence of Osteoglossiformes.
GLOBAL SURVEY OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCES IN THE THREESPINE STICKLEBACK: EVIDENCE FOR RECENT MIGRATIONS
TLDR
The recent replacement of Atlantic mitochondrial lineages suggested by the data may be explained by severe reduction or extinction of northern Atlantic populations during the Pleistocene, followed by a recent reinvasion from the Pacific.
Origin of the antitropical distribution pattern in marine mussels (Mytilus spp.): routes and timing of transequatorial migration
TLDR
Data indicate that southern hemisphere mussels arose from a migration event from the northern hemisphere during the Pleistocene via an Atlantic route, suggesting a second, more recent migration to the southern hemisphere.
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