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Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers.
With a standard set of primers directed toward conserved regions, we have used the polymerase chain reaction to amplify homologous segments of mtDNA from more than 100 animal species, includingExpand
Monophyletic origin of Lake Victoria cichlid fishes suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequences
LAKE Victoria, together with its satellite lakes, harbours roughly 200 endemic forms of cichlid fishes that are classified as 'haplo-chromines'1,2 and yet the lake system is less than a million yearsExpand
SHAPE ANALYSIS OF SYMMETRIC STRUCTURES: QUANTIFYING VARIATION AMONG INDIVIDUALS AND ASYMMETRY
Abstract.— Morphometric studies often consider parts with internal left‐right symmetry, for instance, the vertebrate skull. This type of symmetry is called object symmetry and is distinguished fromExpand
Phylogenetic Timing of the Fish-Specific Genome Duplication Correlates with the Diversification of Teleost Fish
For many genes, ray-finned fish (Actinopterygii) have two paralogous copies, where only one ortholog is present in tetrapods. The discovery of an additional, almost-complete set of Hox clusters inExpand
The genomic substrate for adaptive radiation in African cichlid fish
Cichlid fishes are famous for large, diverse and replicated adaptive radiations in the Great Lakes of East Africa. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying cichlid phenotypic diversity, weExpand
Out of Tanganyika: Genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes
BackgroundThe adaptive radiations of cichlid fishes in East Africa are well known for their spectacular diversity and their astonishingly fast rates of speciation. About 80% of all 2,500 cichlidExpand
Initial Diversification of Living Amphibians Predated the Breakup of Pangaea
The origin and divergence of the three living orders of amphibians (Anura, Caudata, Gymnophiona) and their main lineages are one of the most hotly debated topics in vertebrate evolution. Here, weExpand
Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish
Sympatric speciation, the formation of species in the absence of geographical barriers, remains one of the most contentious concepts in evolutionary biology. Although speciation under sympatricExpand
GLOBAL SURVEY OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCES IN THE THREESPINE STICKLEBACK: EVIDENCE FOR RECENT MIGRATIONS
Phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences were used to assess the matriarchal genetic structure of the threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. A 747 base‐pair (bp) fragmentExpand
Major events in the genome evolution of vertebrates: paranome age and size differ considerably between ray-finned fishes and land vertebrates.
It has been suggested that fish have more genes than humans. Whether most of these additional genes originated through a complete (fish-specific) genome duplication or through many lineage-specificExpand
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