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How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse.
TLDR
It is shown for first time that natural N. ceranae infection can cause the sudden collapse of bee colonies, establishing a direct correlation between N. ceramice infection and the death of honeybee colonies under field conditions.
Outcome of Colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae
TLDR
The multiplex PCR assay was useful for specific detection of the two species of microsporidians related to bee nosemosis, not only in purified spores but also in honeybee homogenates and in naturally infected bees.
Immune suppression in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) following infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia).
TLDR
Evidence is presented that N. ceranae infection significantly suppresses the honey bee immune response, although this effect was not observed following infection with N. apis.
Nosema ceranae in Europe: an emergent type C nosemosis
TLDR
The disease caused by N. ceranae is now named nosemosis type C (COLOSS workshop, 2009) and is characterized by the ability to detect the disease-causing agent throughout the year.
South American native bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) infected by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), an emerging pathogen of honeybees (Apis mellifera).
TLDR
The presence of Nosema ceranae, an emerging honeybee pathogen, in three species of Argentine native bumblebees is described for the first time and the appearance of this pathogen is discussed in the context of the population decline of this pollinators.
Honeybee colony collapse due to Nosema ceranae in professional apiaries.
TLDR
Anamnesis, clinical examination and analyses support that the depopulation in both cases was due to the infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), an emerging pathogen of Apis mellifera.
Natural infections of Nosema ceranae in European honey bees
TLDR
Cross infections between the two host species have demonstrated that N. apis is in fact infective for A. cerana, but also that this parasite develops less well in the Asian host compared to the European host.
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