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Nosema ceranae, a new microsporidian parasite in honeybees in Europe.
Twelve samples of adult honey bees from different regions of Spain from colonies with clear signs of population depletion, positive to microsporidian spores using light microscopy (1% of totalExpand
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How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse.
In recent years, honeybees (Apis mellifera) have been strangely disappearing from their hives, and strong colonies have suddenly become weak and died. The precise aetiology underlying theExpand
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Outcome of Colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae
ABSTRACT A multiplex PCR-based method, in which two small-subunit rRNA regions are simultaneously amplified in a single reaction, was designed for parallel detection of honeybee microsporidiansExpand
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Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia).
In this report, an experimental infection of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae, a newly reported microsporidian in this host is described. Nosema free honeybees were inoculated with 125,000 N. ceranaeExpand
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Immune suppression in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) following infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia).
Two microsporidia species have been shown to infect Apis mellifera, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. This work presents evidence that N. ceranae infection significantly suppresses the honey bee immuneExpand
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Nosema ceranae in Europe: an emergent type C nosemosis
AbstractIn this review, relevant data is presented on an emerging disease of the 21th century in European countries, caused by Nosema ceranae. Within a few years after it was detected in Spain inExpand
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South American native bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) infected by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), an emerging pathogen of honeybees (Apis mellifera).
As pollination is a critical process in both human-managed and natural terrestrial ecosystems, pollinators provide essential services to both nature and humans. Pollination is mainly due to theExpand
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Honeybee colony collapse due to Nosema ceranae in professional apiaries.
Honeybee colony collapse is a sanitary and ecological worldwide problem. The features of this syndrome are an unexplained disappearance of adult bees, a lack of brood attention, reduced colonyExpand
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Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), a controversial 21st century honey bee pathogen.
The worldwide beekeeping sector has been facing a grave threat, with losses up to 100-1000 times greater than those previously reported. Despite the scale of this honey bee mortality, the causesExpand
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Natural infections of Nosema ceranae in European honey bees
The classification of the large and heterogeneous group of microorganisms called protozoans has been recently updated as increased knowledge of the biology and phylogenetics is acquired. TheExpand
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