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Intrathecal methylprednisolone for intractable postherpetic neuralgia.
BACKGROUND There is no effective treatment for intractable postherpetic neuralgia. Because there is evidence that postherpetic neuralgia has an inflammatory component, we assessed treatment withExpand
Comparative therapeutic evaluation of intrathecal versus epidural methylprednisolone for long-term analgesia in patients with intractable postherpetic neuralgia.
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effects of intrathecal versus epidural methylprednisolone acetate (MPA) in patients with intractableExpand
Preoperative Intradermal Acupuncture Reduces Postoperative Pain, Nausea and Vomiting, Analgesic Requirement, and Sympathoadrenal Responses
Background In a controlled and double-blind study, the authors tested the hypothesis that preoperative insertion of intradermal needles at acupoints 2.5 cm from the spinal vertebrae (bladderExpand
Cerebrospinal fluid interleukin 8 concentrations and the subsequent development of postherpetic neuralgia.
PURPOSE Other than age, the risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia are not well established. We studied whether the concentration of interleukin 8 in the cerebrospinal fluid is associated with theExpand
Smoking Decreases Alveolar Macrophage Function during Anesthesia and Surgery
Background Smoking changes numerous alveolar macrophage functions and is one of the most important risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications. The current study tested the hypothesis thatExpand
The effects of nitrous oxide and ketamine on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency during propofol-fentanyl anaesthesia.
In this study, we have sought to establish whether N2O and ketamine alter the bispectral index during propofol-fentanyl anaesthesia. Fourteen surgical patients were randomly assigned to one of twoExpand
Orexin A and B evoke noradrenaline release from rat cerebrocortical slices
Orexin A and B, recently identified in the rat hypothalamus are endogenous neuropeptide agonists for the G‐protein coupled orexin‐1 (OX1) and orexin‐2 (OX2) receptors. In the present study, we haveExpand
Neutrophil Number and Interleukin-8 and Elastase Concentrations in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Correlate with Decreased Arterial Oxygenation After Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Atelectasis is a major cause of decreased arterial oxygenation after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). There is a close relationship between atelectasis and inflammatory responses. We therefore testedExpand
The Relationship Between Pneumatic Tourniquet Time and the Amount of Pulmonary Emboli in Patients Undergoing Knee Arthroscopic Surgeries
Near-fatal pulmonary embolism can occur immediately after tourniquet release after orthopedic surgeries. In this study, we determined the relationship between tourniquet time and the occurrence ofExpand
Intraoperative Modulation of Alveolar Macrophage Function during Isoflurane and Propofol Anesthesia
Background Alveolar macrophages are a critical part of the defense against pulmonary infection. Thus the authors determined time‐dependent changes in alveolar macrophage functions in patients havingExpand