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Attentional bias in emotional disorders.
The emotional Stroop task and psychopathology.
The authors review research showing that patients are often slower to name the color of a word associated with concerns relevant to their clinical condition and address the causes and mechanisms underlying the phenomenon, focusing on J.L. McClelland's parallel distributed processing model. Expand
Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety.
Five experiments are reported showing that the interpretation of personally relevant emotional information can be modified by systematic exposure to congruent exemplars and provide evidence consistent with a causal link between the deployment of interpretative bias and anxiety. Expand
Cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders.
It is indicated that biases in attention, memory, and interpretation, as well as repetitive negative thoughts, are common across emotional disorders, although they vary in form according to type of disorder. Expand
Brief standard self-rating for phobic patients.
A one-page self-rating form is described to monitor change in phobia patients, derived from earlier versions used in 1000 phobic club members and 300 phobic patients, which is short, reliable and valid. Expand
Why worry? The cognitive function of anxiety.
- A. Mathews
- Psychology, Medicine
- Behaviour research and therapy
Evidence is summarized to show that anxious subjects selectively attend to threatening information, and interpret ambiguous events in a relatively threatening way, but the evidence on memory suggests that although such information may be easily activated, it is not necessarily more accessible. Expand
A Cognitive Model of Selective Processing in Anxiety
Anxiety states are associated with increasedattention to threat and a greater likelihood of reachinga pessimistic interpretation of ambiguous events.Existing models of this selective processing… Expand
Anxiety and the Allocation of Attention to Threat
- C. MacLeod, A. Mathews
- Psychology, Medicine
- The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology…
- 1 November 1988
It is suggested that the attentional response to currently relevant stress-related stimuli may be associated with neither trait nor state anxiety alone, but with an interactive function involving both these variables. Expand
Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states.
Results were interpreted as evidence that the individual content of danger schemata determine the type of material that is selectively processed, while the extent of interference observed depends on current anxiety level. Expand