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Space and habitat use of the African elephant in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, Tanzania: Implications for conservation
The results indicate that elephant management must be considered across park boundaries and that migration corridors must be protected against human disturbance and land cultivation. Expand
Diet of stoats (Mustela erminea) in an Alpine habitat:The importance of fruit consumption in summer
It is concluded that primary prey, rodents, is always harvested, suggesting that the costs of harvesting rodents, abundant throughout spring–autumn, are never high, and the consumption of alternative prey is independent of its availability, and increases only when relative benefits of harvesting alternative prey (fruits) increases, which is consistent with optimal foraging theory. Expand
A grey future for Europe: Sciurus carolinensis is replacing native red squirrels in Italy
Grey squirrel adapt to climate and habitats in both North and South Europe, causing extinction of the native red squirrel, was slow in the first 20 years, but doubled in the successive two decades, and spread was slower than in Ireland and England. Expand
Comparing the discrimination performances of 4 statistical methods applied to identify bat species from their ultrasonic echolocation calls found multiple discriminant function analysis (DFA) correctly classified marginally more cases than artificial neural networks (ANN; 74–100% against 64–100%), especially at the species level. Expand
Interspecific competition between native Eurasian red squirrels and alien grey squirrels: does resource partitioning occur?
It is suggested that, at moderate grey-squirrel densities, red squirrels are unable to avoid competition with grey squirrels, and that competition for food and/or space will occur when these resources become limiting. Expand
Integrated Operational Taxonomic Units (IOTUs) in Echolocating Bats: A Bridge between Molecular and Traditional Taxonomy
From a systematic point of view, IOTUs are more informative than the general concept of OTUs and the more recent MOTUs and have the potential to fill the gaps between modern and traditional taxonomy. Expand
Species Richness and Habitat Use of Small Carnivores in the Arusha National Park (Tanzania)
The carnivore community of Arusha National Park, Tanzania, was monitored using live trapping and diurnal and nocturnal visual counts and recording of tracks and signs along line transects. NineExpand
Cone selection by Eurasian red squirrels in mixed conifer forests in the Italian Alps.
The results suggest that cone and seed traits of P. cembra facilitate seed consumption by squirrels, but that defensive cone traits of small-seeded conifers, in combination with annual differences in seed production (masting), might be the result of coevolution with seed-eating squirrels. Expand
Macroparasite Fauna of Alien Grey Squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis): Composition, Variability and Implications for Native Species
Overall, it is shown that grey squirrels in Italy may benefit of an enemy release, and both spillback and spillover processes towards native red squirrels may occur. Expand
Phylogeography and postglacial recolonization of Europe by Rhinolophus hipposideros: evidence from multiple genetic markers
The demographic history of Rhinolophus hipposideros (lesser horseshoe bat) was reconstructed across its European, North African and Middle‐Eastern distribution prior to, during and following the mostExpand