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Refugia revisited: individualistic responses of species in space and time
TLDR
Overall, it seems clear that there is large variation in both the size of refugia and the duration during which species are confined to them, which has implications for the role ofRefugia in the evolution of species and their genetic diversity. Expand
Cryptic northern refugia and the origins of the modern biota
TLDR
Increasing evidence suggests that the well-studied European southern and eastern refugia for thermophilous animal and plant taxa were supplemented by cryptic refugias in northern Europe during the Late Pleistocene, which could partially explain the ‘nonanalogue' mammalian assemblages of the Late pleistocene. Expand
The earliest record of human activity in northern Europe
TLDR
Flint artefacts from the Cromer Forest-bed Formation at Pakefield, Suffolk, UK, from an interglacial sequence yielding a diverse range of plant and animal fossils are reported and indicate that they date to the early part of the Brunhes Chron and thus represent the earliest unequivocal evidence for human presence north of the Alps. Expand
Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth
TLDR
It is shown that another spectacular megafaunal species, the giant deer or ‘Irish elk’, survived to around 6,900 radiocarbon yr bp (about 7,700 yr ago) in western Siberia—more than three millennia later than its previously accepted terminal date—and therefore, that the reasons for its ultimate demise are to be sought in Holocene not Pleistocene events. Expand
Western Palaearctic palaeoenvironmental conditions during the Early and early Middle Pleistocene inferred from large mammal communities, and implications for hominin dispersal in Europe
Abstract Large-scale fluctuations in global climate and resulting changes in ecology had a profound effect on human evolution and dispersal. Though hominin remains are scarce, studies focussing onExpand
The Origin and Evolution of the Woolly Mammoth
TLDR
Using well-dated samples from across the mammoth's Eurasian range, this work document geographical and chronological variation in adaptive morphology and reveals a complex interplay of local morphological innovation, migration, and extirpation in the origin and evolution of a mammalian species. Expand
The preservation of glacial-interglacial climatic signatures in the oxygen isotopes of elephant skeletal phosphate
Abstract Phosphate δ18O values (δ18Op) of modern elephant bone and teeth are found to vary linearly according to the δ18O of local meteoric water (δ18Omw), a parameter with close ties to regional andExpand
The pattern and process of mammoth evolution in Eurasia
Mammoth evolution in Eurasia represents one of the best-studied examples of evolutionary pattern and process in the terrestrial fossil record. A pervasive belief in the gradual transformation ofExpand
The impact of Quaternary Ice Ages on mammalian evolution.
  • A. Lister
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 29 December 2004
TLDR
Preliminary analysis suggests that faunal turnover, including an important element of speciation, was elevated in the Quaternary compared with the Neogene, at least in some biomes. Expand
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