Refugia revisited: individualistic responses of species in space and time
- J. Stewart, A. Lister, I. Barnes, L. Dalén
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 March 2010
Overall, it seems clear that there is large variation in both the size of refugia and the duration during which species are confined to them, which has implications for the role ofRefugia in the evolution of species and their genetic diversity.
Cryptic northern refugia and the origins of the modern biota
Frozen fauna of the mammoth steppe: the story of blue babe
- A. Lister
Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth
It is shown that another spectacular megafaunal species, the giant deer or ‘Irish elk’, survived to around 6,900 radiocarbon yr bp (about 7,700 yr ago) in western Siberia—more than three millennia later than its previously accepted terminal date—and therefore, that the reasons for its ultimate demise are to be sought in Holocene not Pleistocene events.
The earliest record of human activity in northern Europe
Flint artefacts from the Cromer Forest-bed Formation at Pakefield, Suffolk, UK, from an interglacial sequence yielding a diverse range of plant and animal fossils are reported and indicate that they date to the early part of the Brunhes Chron and thus represent the earliest unequivocal evidence for human presence north of the Alps.
Western Palaearctic palaeoenvironmental conditions during the Early and early Middle Pleistocene inferred from large mammal communities, and implications for hominin dispersal in Europe
The Origin and Evolution of the Woolly Mammoth
Using well-dated samples from across the mammoth's Eurasian range, this work document geographical and chronological variation in adaptive morphology and reveals a complex interplay of local morphological innovation, migration, and extirpation in the origin and evolution of a mammalian species.
The preservation of glacial-interglacial climatic signatures in the oxygen isotopes of elephant skeletal phosphate
The pattern and process of mammoth evolution in Eurasia
Multiplex amplification of the mammoth mitochondrial genome and the evolution of Elephantidae
The phylogenetic analyses show that the mammoth was more closely related to the Asian than to the African elephant, and the divergence of mammoth, African and Asian elephants occurred over a short time, corresponding to only about 7% of the total length of the phylogenetic tree for the three evolutionary lineages.