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The effects of psychological distance on abstraction: Two meta-analyses.
This work conducted 2 meta-analyses of research examining the effects of psychological distance on abstraction and its downstream consequences, showing a reliable and medium-sized effect on both level of abstraction in mental representation and the downstream consequences of abstraction.
A theory of heuristic and systematic information processing.
This chapter situates the heuristic-systematic model within its intellectual and personal history, and highlights key empirical findings that support the model’s central tenets.
The trade-off between accuracy and precision in latent variable models of mediation processes.
It is demonstrated that this increase in accuracy comes at the cost of increased standard errors and reduced power, and this relative trade-off both theoretically and empirically in a typical 3-variable mediation model across varying levels of effect size and reliability is examined.
System justification: How do we know it’s motivated?
According to system justification theory, people are motivated to defend and legitimize social systems that affect them. In this chapter, we review fifteen years of theory and empirical research
Shared Reality, System Justification, and the Relational Basis of Ideological Beliefs
Although it is tempting to think that one’s political convictions reflect independent and unbiased thinking, research increasingly suggests that ideologies reflect motivational processes. The present
Flexibility now, consistency later: psychological distance and construal shape evaluative responding.
There are ways of thinking that will tend to produce more or less variability in mental representation across contexts, which in turn shapes evaluative consistency, according to construal level theory.
Group-Identity Completion and the Symbolic Value of Property
This work conceptualizes group identity as a goal toward which group members strive, using material symbols of that identity, and reports four studies showing that the value placed on such material symbols depends on commitment to group identity.
Priming us and them: automatic assimilation and contrast in group attitudes.
The results suggest that the transition from assimilation to contrast occurs when a group ceases to function as a context and becomes a comparison point.
Working for the System: Motivated Defense of Meritocratic Beliefs
Conceptualizing the widespread belief in meritocracy as a case of system justification, we examined how the desire to justify the societal status quo motivates cognitive and behavioral defense of the
ThE PriCE Of a SharEd viSiON: grOuP idENTiTy gOalS aNd ThE SOCial CrEaTiON Of valuE
Drawing on theories of shared reality, symbolic self-completion, and social identity, we suggest that group identity can be considered a goal toward which group members strive by seeking out socially