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Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries.
- J. Mackenbach, I. Stirbu, A. Kunst
- Medicine, Political ScienceThe New England journal of medicine
- 5 June 2008
Variation across Europe in the magnitude of inequalities in health associated with socioeconomic status is observed, which might be reduced by improving educational opportunities, income distribution, health-related behavior, or access to health care.
The impact of heat waves and cold spells on mortality rates in the Dutch population.
- M. Huynen, P. Martens, D. Schram, M. Weijenberg, A. Kunst
- MedicineEnvironmental health perspectives
- 1 May 2001
A V-like relationship between mortality and temperature is found, with an optimum temperature value of 16.5 degrees C for total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, respiratory mortality, and mortality among those [Greater and equal to] 65 year of age, and the elderly were most effected by extreme heat.
Measuring the magnitude of socio-economic inequalities in health: an overview of available measures illustrated with two examples from Europe.
Widening socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in six Western European countries.
- J. Mackenbach, V. Bos, A. Kunst
- Medicine, EconomicsInternational journal of epidemiology
- 1 October 2003
Reducing socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Western Europe critically depends upon speeding up mortality declines from cardiovascular diseases in lower socioeconomic groups, and countering mortality increases from several other causes of death in lower socio-economic groups.
Outdoor air temperature and mortality in The Netherlands: a time-series analysis.
- A. Kunst, C. Looman, J. Mackenbach
- Environmental ScienceAmerican journal of epidemiology
- 1 February 1993
The finding that 57% of "unexplained" cold-related mortality and 26% of the "un Explained" heat- related mortality was attributable to cardiovascular diseases suggests that direct effects are only in part the result of increased stress on the circulatory system.
Educational inequalities in cause-specific mortality in middle-aged and older men and women in eight western European populations
Socioeconomic inequalities in morbidity and mortality in western Europe
Health inequalities according to educational level in different welfare regimes: a comparison of 23 European countries.
- T. Eikemo, M. Huisman, C. Bambra, A. Kunst
- Political Science, MedicineSociology of health & illness
- 20 February 2008
Although the greater distribution of welfare benefits within the Scandinavian countries are likely to have a protective effect for disadvantaged cities in these countries, other factors such as relative deprivation and class-patterned health behaviours might be acting to widen health inequalities.
Heat related mortality in warm and cold regions of Europe: observational study
- W. Keatinge, G. Donaldson, I. Vuori
- Environmental ScienceBMJ : British Medical Journal
- 16 September 2000
Populations in Europe have adjusted successfully to mean summer temperatures ranging from 13.5°C to 24.1°C, and can be expected to adjust to global warming predicted for the next half century with little sustained increase in heat related mortality.
Socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of common chronic diseases: an overview of eight European countries.
There are large variations between chronic diseases in the size and pattern of socioeconomic differences in their prevalence, and large inequalities that are found for some specific fatal diseases require special attention in equity-oriented research and policies.