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Estimation of sex from sternal measurements in a Western Australian population.
It is concluded that the sternum is a reliable element for sex estimation among Western Australians and contributes significantly to sex discrimination and yield the smallest sex-biases. Expand
Estimation of sex from cranial measurements in a Western Australian population.
The primary aim is to investigate the nature of cranial sexual dimorphism in this population and outline a series of statistically robust standards suitable for estimating sex in the complete bone and/or associated diagnostic fragments. Expand
Concordance of traditional osteometric and volume-rendered MSCT interlandmark cranial measurements
It is found that traditional bone measurements are more precise than their MSCT counterparts, although overall differences between the two data acquisition methods are negligible compared to sample variance. Expand
The application of traditional and geometric morphometric analyses for forensic quantification of sexual dimorphism: preliminary investigations in a Western Australian population
A simple and biologically meaningful single non-traditional linear measurement (glabella–zygion) is identified that classifies Western Australian individuals according to sex with a high degree of expected accuracy. Expand
Female pelvic shape: Distinct types or nebulous cloud?
The objective of this study was to re-evaluate the Caldwell-Moloy (1933) classification of female pelvic shape, which has been traditionally, and still is currently, taught to students of midwiferyExpand
Wading for Food the Driving Force of the Evolution of Bipedalism?*
  • A. Kuliukas
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nutrition and health
  • 1 October 2002
This model obtains further support from the paleo-habitats of the earliest known bipeds, which are consistent with the hypothesis that wading contributed to the adaptive pressure towards bipedality. Expand
The energy costs of wading in water
The present study brings together data on the rate of oxygen consumption during wading by humans from previous studies, and augments these with new data for wading in shallower depths, with slower and more tortuous walking, to obtain a better understanding of how the cost of wading varies as a function of water depth and speed of locomotion. Expand
The relative cost of bent-hip bent-knee walking is reduced in water.
Data suggest that the controversy about australopithecine locomotion may be eased if it is assumed that wading was a component of their locomotor repertoire and supports the idea that shallow water might have been an environment favourable to the evolution of early forms of "non-optimal" hominid bipedalism. Expand