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Linear systems formulation of scattering theory for rough surfaces with arbitrary incident and scattering angles.
Scattering effects from microtopographic surface roughness are merely nonparaxial diffraction phenomena resulting from random phase variations in the reflected or transmitted wavefront.Expand
Diffracted radiance: a fundamental quantity in nonparaxial scalar diffraction theory.
Most authors include a paraxial (small-angle) limitation in their discussion of diffracted wave fields. This paraxial limitation severely limits the conditions under which diffraction behavior isExpand
Unified scatter model for rough surfaces at large incident and scatter angles
A new unified surface scatter model has been developed that produces accurate results for rougher surfaces than the classical Rayleigh-Rice vector perturbation theory and for larger incident andExpand
Modified Beckmann-Kirchhoff scattering model for rough surfaces with large incident and scattering angles
Surface scattering effects are merely diffraction phenomena resulting from random phase variations induced on the reflected wave- front by microtopographic surface features. The Rayleigh-Rice andExpand
Nonparaxial scalar treatment of sinusoidal phase gratings.
Scalar diffraction theory is frequently considered inadequate for predicting diffraction efficiencies for grating applications where lambda/d>0.1. It has also been stated that scalar theory imposesExpand
Aberrations of diffracted wave fields: distortion.
Near-field diffraction patterns are merely aberrated Fraunhofer diffraction patterns. These aberrations, inherent to the diffraction process, provide insight and understanding into wide-angleExpand
Grazing-incidence hyperboloid-hyperboloid designs for wide-field x-ray imaging applications.
The classical Wolter type I grazing-incidence x-ray telescope consists of a paraboloidal primary mirror and a confocal hyperboloidal secondary mirror. This design exhibits stigmatic imaging on-axisExpand
The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission
The Earth’s thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within anExpand