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Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?
We establish that season of birth is related to educational attainment because of school start age policy and compulsory school attendance laws. Individuals born in the beginning of the year startExpand
Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?
This paper examines the effect of technological change and other factors on the relative demand for workers with different education levels and on the recent growth of U.S. educational wageExpand
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
This paper analyzes data from Project STAR, an experiment in which 11,600 Tennessee kindergarten students and teachers were randomly assigned to one of three types of classes beginning in the 1985-86Expand
Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments
The method of instrumental variables was first used in the 1920s to estimate supply and demand elasticities, and later used to correct for measurement error in single-equation models. Recently,Expand
Empirical Strategies in Labor Economics
This chapter provides an overview of the methodological and practical issues that arise when estimating causal relationships that are of interest to labor economists. The subject matter includesExpand
How Computers Have Changed the Wage Structure: Evidence from Microdata, 1984-1989
This paper examines whether employees who use a computer at work earn a higher wage rate than otherwise similar workers who do not use a computer at work. The analysis primarily relies on data fromExpand
Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Public Schools in the United States
This paper estimates the effects of school quality - - measured by the pupil-teacher ratio, the average term length, and the relative pay of teachers -- on the rate of return to education for menExpand
Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins
This paper uses a new survey to contrast the wages of genetically identical twins with different schooling levels. Multiple measurements of schooling levels were also collected to assess the effectExpand
The Effect of Age at School Entry on Educational Attainment: An Application of Instrumental Variables with Moments from Two Samples
This paper tests the hypothesis that compulsory school attendance laws, which typically require school attendance until a specified birthday, induce a relationship between the years of schooling andExpand
The Extent of Measurement Error in Longitudinal Earnings Data: Do Two Wrongs Make a Right?
This article examines the properties and prevalence of measurement error in longitudinal earnings data. The analysis compares matched Current Population Survey data to administrative Social SecurityExpand