• Publications
  • Influence
Fitness Effects on the Cognitive Function of Older Adults
A meta-analytic study was conducted to examine the hypothesis that aerobic fitness training enhances the cognitive vitality of healthy but sedentary older adults. Eighteen intervention studiesExpand
  • 2,827
  • 201
  • PDF
Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory
The hippocampus shrinks in late adulthood, leading to impaired memory and increased risk for dementia. Hippocampal and medial temporal lobe volumes are larger in higher-fit adults, and physicalExpand
  • 2,727
  • 184
  • PDF
Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
An emerging body of multidisciplinary literature has documented the beneficial influence of physical activity engendered through aerobic exercise on selective aspects of brain function. Human andExpand
  • 2,395
  • 100
  • PDF
Cardiovascular fitness, cortical plasticity, and aging.
Cardiovascular fitness is thought to offset declines in cognitive performance, but little is known about the cortical mechanisms that underlie these changes in humans. Research using animal modelsExpand
  • 1,394
  • 96
  • PDF
Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humans.
BACKGROUND The present study examined whether aerobic fitness training of older humans can increase brain volume in regions associated with age-related decline in both brain structure and cognition.Expand
  • 1,585
  • 82
  • PDF
The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children
The effect of an acute bout of moderate treadmill walking on behavioral and neuroelectric indexes of the cognitive control of attention and applied aspects of cognition involved in school-basedExpand
  • 613
  • 77
  • PDF
Enrichment Effects on Adult Cognitive Development
In this monograph, we ask whether various kinds of intellectual, physical, and social activities produce cognitive enrichment effects—that is, whether they improve cognitive performance at differentExpand
  • 976
  • 55
  • PDF
Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans.
BACKGROUND The human brain gradually loses tissue from the third decade of life onward, with concomitant declines in cognitive performance. Given the projected rapid growth in aged populations, andExpand
  • 903
  • 53
  • PDF
Ageing, fitness and neurocognitive function
In the ageing process, neural areas, and cognitive processes, do not degrade uniformly. Executive control processes and the prefrontal and frontal brain regions that support them show large andExpand
  • 1,261
  • 49
Can training in a real-time strategy video game attenuate cognitive decline in older adults?
Declines in various cognitive abilities, particularly executive control functions, are observed in older adults. An important goal of cognitive training is to slow or reverse these age-relatedExpand
  • 677
  • 48
  • PDF