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The eyes have it! Reflexive orienting is triggered by nonpredictive gaze
Normal subjects were presented with a simple line drawing of a face looking left, right, or straight ahead. A target letter F or T then appeared to the left or the right of the face. All subjects…
Two ways to the top: evidence that dominance and prestige are distinct yet viable avenues to social rank and influence.
- Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, T. Foulsham, A. Kingstone, J. Henrich
- PsychologyJournal of personality and social psychology
It is demonstrated that Dominance and Prestige are distinct yet viable strategies for ascending the social hierarchy, consistent with evolutionary theory.
Are eyes special? It depends on how you look at it
- J. Ristic, C. K. Friesen, A. Kingstone
- Psychology, BiologyPsychonomic bulletin & review
- 1 September 2002
Test data provide important insight into the nature of the representations of directional stimuli involved in reflexive attentional orienting, and show that nonpredictive eyes and arrows are not subserved by the same brain systems.
Attentional effects of counterpredictive gaze and arrow cues.
- C. K. Friesen, J. Ristic, A. Kingstone
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Human…
- 1 April 2004
The authors suggest that because there is a neural architecture specialized for processing eyes, gaze-triggered attention is more strongly reflexive than orienting to arrows.
Auditory capture of vision: examining temporal ventriloquism.
The where, what and when of gaze allocation in the lab and the natural environment
Visual offsets facilitate saccadic latency: does predisengagement of visuospatial attention mediate this gap effect?
Results suggest that the gap effect has 2 components, and covert visual attention plays no role, and one component is motor system preparation; the other is a fixation offset effect specific to the oculomotor system.
Eyes are special but not for everyone: the case of autism.
Inhibition of return: Dissociating attentional and oculomotor components.
The present data reveal a double dissociation between the attentional and motor components of IOR whereby the motor-based component of I OR is present when the response is oculomotor, and the attention-based part ispresent when theresponse is manual.
Look away! Eyes and arrows engage oculomotor responses automatically
It is demonstrated that a perceived eye gaze results in an automatic saccade following the gaze and that the gaze cue cannot be ignored, even when attending to it is detrimental to the task.