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A review of Leishmaniasis in Eastern Africa
TLDR
In view of its spread to previously non-endemic areas and an increase in imported cases, leishmaniasis in Eastern Africa should be considered a health emergency. Expand
Leishmaniasis in northern and western Africa: a review
TLDR
In northern Africa, the disease is prevalent in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya while in western Africa, there are low prevalence rates of the disease and zoonotic and anthroponotic cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis is a health problem that should be addressed urgently. Expand
The potential of the extracts of Tagetes minuta Linnaeus (Asteraceae), Acalypha fruticosa Forssk (Euphorbiaceae) and Tarchonanthus camphoratus L. (Compositae) against Phlebotomus duboscqi Neveu
TLDR
The extracts of Acalypha fruticosa and Tagetes minuta had significantly higher mortality rates than those of Tarchonanthus camphoratus and the different concentrations used showed significantly different mortality rates and 10 mg/ml was the most effective concentration. Expand
Repellent effects of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Tagetes minuta on the sandfly, Phlebotomus duboscqi
TLDR
The laboratory tests showed that the essential oils of the two plants were highly repellent to adult sand flies, P. duboscqi due to their high efficacy at very low doses, hence, the envisaged safety in their use over chemical repellents. Expand
Immunostimulatory responses to crude extracts of Warburgia ugandensis (sprague) subsp ugandensis (canellaceae) by Balb/c mice infected with Leishmania major
TLDR
These data suggest that extracts of W. ugandensis are suitable adjuvants for Leishmania vaccines, however, further studies ought to be conducted to determine its immunochemotherapeutic potential when co-administered with a soluble leishmanial antigen in vaccinating BALB/c mice. Expand
Evaluation of the adjuvanticity of artemisinin with soluble Leishmania major antigens in BALB/c mice
Objective To determine the adjuvant potential of artemisinin with a soluble leishmanial antigen in vaccinating BALB/c mice.
Effects of essential oils of lemon grass, Cymbopogon citratus and the Mexican marigold, Tagetes minuta on mortality and oviposition in adult sandflies, Phlebotomus duboscqi
TLDR
The two essential oils are promising natural insecticides due to their safety advantage over chemical insecticides and remain to carry out further studies in the field using human subjects before their adoption for use against Phlebotomine sandflies. Expand
Antibiotic Profiles of Bacterial Enteropathogens associated with Diarrhea among HIV Positive and Negative Patients aged below five years in Western Kenya
TLDR
To investigate antibiotic profiles diarrhea genic E coli, Salmonella, Shigella associated with diarrhea among HIV positive and negative children aged below five years and identify factors predisposing to antibiotic resistance. Expand
The effects of vertical and horizontal separations between pit latrine and hand dug well on contamination water by human fecal matter in Bomachoge Borabu, Kenya.
In developed world, water diseases are rare due to presence of efficient water supply and human wastes disposal systems (Jorge et al., 2010). However, in developing countries like Kenya, areExpand
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