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A practical guide to diagnostic transcranial magnetic stimulation: Report of an IFCN committee
Modulation of human corticomotor excitability by somatosensory input
- A. Kaelin-Lang, A. Luft, L. Sawaki, A. Burstein, Y. Sohn, L. Cohen
- Biology, MedicineThe Journal of physiology
- 1 April 2002
It is concluded that somatosensory stimulation elicited a focal increase in corticomotoneuronal excitability that outlasts the stimulation period and probably occurs at cortical sites.
Increase in hand muscle strength of stroke patients after somatosensory stimulation
The results suggest that somatosensory stimulation may be a promising adjuvant to rehabilitation of the motor deficits in stroke patients.
Cortical excitability changes induced by deafferentation of the contralateral hemisphere.
- K. Werhahn, Jennifer Mortensen, A. Kaelin-Lang, B. Boroojerdi, L. Cohen
- Biology, PsychologyBrain : a journal of neurology
- 1 June 2002
It is shown that acute hand deafferentation can elicit a focal increase in excitability in the hand motor representation contralateral to the deAfferented cortex that is influenced by transcallosal interactions and GABAergic transmission, and is balanced in the setting of chronic deafferentialation.
Impact of coil position and electrophysiological monitoring on determination of motor thresholds to transcranial magnetic stimulation
Directional deep brain stimulation: an intraoperative double-blind pilot study.
Directional deep brain stimulation with a reduced electrode size applied intraoperatively in the subthalamic nucleus as well as in the nucleus ventralis intermedius of the thalamus significantly widened the therapeutic window and lowered the current needed for beneficial effects, compared to omnidirectional stimulation.
Excitability of the ipsilateral motor cortex during phasic voluntary hand movement
It is demonstrated that voluntary hand movement exerts an inhibitory influence on a diffuse area of the ipsilateral motor cortex, which is both time and movement dependent.
Modulation of rodent cortical motor excitability by somatosensory input
It is concluded that somatosensory input increases motor excitability in rat and this increase outlasts the stimulation period and is mediated by supraspinal structures, likely motor cortex.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the rat
- A. Luft, A. Kaelin-Lang, T. Hauser, L. Cohen, N. Thakor, D. Hanley
- BiologyExperimental Brain Research
- 1 September 2001
The feasibility and reproducibility of TMS in the rat is demonstrated and sigmoid recruitment curves for MEPTMS, 1 suggest input-output properties similar to those of the human corticospinal system.
Effects of Somatosensory Stimulation on Use-Dependent Plasticity in Chronic Stroke
PNS applied to the paretic limb paired with motor training enhances training effects on cortical plasticity in stroke patients.