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Running to stand still: adaptation and the response of plants to rapid climate change
Climate is a potent selective force in natural populations, yet the importance of adaptation in the response of plant species to past climate change has been questioned. As many species are unlikely… Expand
Rapid climate change-related growth decline at the southern range edge of Fagus sylvatica
Studies on Fagus sylvatica show that growth in populations toward the southern limit of this species’ distribution is limited strongly by drought. Warming temperatures in the Mediterranean region are… Expand
The altitude-for-latitude disparity in the range retractions of woody species.
Increasing temperatures are driving rapid upward range shifts of species in mountains. An altitudinal range retreat of 10 m is predicted to translate into a approximately 10-km latitudinal retreat… Expand
Genetic effects of chronic habitat fragmentation in a wind-pollinated tree.
Habitat fragmentation poses a serious threat to plants through genetic changes associated with increased isolation and reduced population size. However, the longevity of trees, combined with… Expand
Natural selection and climate change: temperature‐linked spatial and temporal trends in gene frequency in Fagus sylvatica
- A. Jump, J. M. Hunt, J. Martínez-Izquierdo, J. Peñuelas
- Biology, Medicine
- Molecular ecology
- 25 July 2006
Rapid increases in global temperature are likely to impose strong directional selection on many plant populations, which must therefore adapt if they are to survive. Within populations,… Expand
Twentieth century changes of tree‐ring δ13C at the southern range‐edge of Fagus sylvatica: increasing water‐use efficiency does not avoid the growth decline induced by warming at low altitudes
We aimed to gain knowledge on the changes in intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE) in response to increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentrations and climate change over the last century. We investigated… Expand
Climate Relicts: Past, Present, Future
Populations left behind during climate-driven range shifts can persist in enclaves of benign environmental conditions within an inhospitable regional climate. Such climate relicts exist in numerous… Expand
Evidence of current impact of climate change on life: a walk from genes to the biosphere.
We review the evidence of how organisms and populations are currently responding to climate change through phenotypic plasticity, genotypic evolution, changes in distribution and, in some cases,… Expand
Environmental change and the option value of genetic diversity.
Rapid anthropogenic environmental change is altering selection pressures on natural plant populations. However, it is difficult to predict easily the novel selection pressures to which populations… Expand
Migration, invasion and decline: changes in recruitment and forest structure in a warming‐linked shift of European beech forest in Catalonia (NE Spain)
Altitudinal upward shifts of species' ranges have occurred across a wide range of taxonomic groups and geographical locations during the twentieth century in response to current climate warming.… Expand