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TESTING FOR PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL IN COMPARATIVE DATA: BEHAVIORAL TRAITS ARE MORE LABILE
TLDR
Analysis of variance of log K for all 121 traits indicated that behavioral traits exhibit lower signal than body size, morphological, life-history, or physiological traits, and this work presents new methods for continuous-valued characters that can be implemented with either phylogenetically independent contrasts or generalized least-squares models.
Procedures for the Analysis of Comparative Data Using Phylogenetically Independent Contrasts
TLDR
Any (continuous) trait that is inherited from ancestors is appropriate for analysis, regardless of the mechanism of inheritance (e.g., genetic or cultural), according to Felsenstein's method.
TESTING FOR PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL IN COMPARATIVE DATA: BEHAVIORAL TRAITS ARE MORE LABILE
TLDR
Analysis of variance of log K for all 121 traits indicated that behavioral traits exhibit lower signal than body size, morphological, life‐history, or physiological traits, and this work presents new methods for continuous‐valued characters that can be implemented with either phylogenetically independent contrasts or generalized least‐squares models.
An Introduction to Phylogenetically Based Statistical Methods, with a New Method for Confidence Intervals on Ancestral Values
TLDR
Three phylogenetically based statistical methods are presented, including phylogenetically independent contrasts, Monte Carlo computer simulations to obtain null distributions of test statistics, and phylogenetic autocorrelation, which allow traditional topics in comparative and ecological physiology to be addressed with greater rigor.
Using the Past to Predict the Present: Confidence Intervals for Regression Equations in Phylogenetic Comparative Methods
TLDR
Passengerines exhibit a lower rate of evolution in both body mass and mass‐corrected BMR; passerines also have significantly smaller body masses than their sister clade, which may justify separate, clade‐specific allometric equations for prediction of avian basal metabolic rates.
Phylogenetic Measures of Biodiversity
TLDR
A theoretical framework based on phylogenetic comparative methods to integrate phylogeny into three measures of biodiversity: species variability, richness, and evenness is developed, which should aid with the incorporation of phylogenetic information into strategies for understanding biodiversity and its conservation.
Stability and Diversity of Ecosystems
TLDR
This work states that because anthropogenic changes often affect stability and diversity simultaneously, diversity-stability relationships cannot be understood outside the context of the environmental drivers affecting both.
Methods for Detecting Early Warnings of Critical Transitions in Time Series Illustrated Using Simulated Ecological Data
TLDR
A range of currently available early warning methods are summarized and applied to two simulated time series that are typical of systems undergoing a critical transition, offering a practical toolbox that may be used in a wide range of fields to help detect early warning signals of critical transitions in time series data.
Morphometrics of the Avian Small Intestine Compared with That of Nonflying Mammals: A Phylogenetic Approach
TLDR
Birds may operate with a reduced digestive capacity, compared with that of nonflying mammals, to meet an increase in metabolic needs (i.e., a reduced spare capacity) without increased rate of enzyme hydrolysis and/or mediated transport and without increased passive absorption of water‐soluble nutrients.
ESTIMATING COMMUNITY STABILITY AND ECOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS FROM TIME‐SERIES DATA
Natural ecological communities are continuously buffeted by a varying environment, often making it difficult to measure the stability of communities using concepts requiring the existence of an
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