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Expectation and Attention in Hierarchical Auditory Prediction
These results provide convergent empirical support to promising recent accounts of attention and expectation in predictive coding and support an integrative interpretation of commonly observed electrophysiological signatures of neurodynamics, namely mismatch negativity, P300, and contingent negative variation, as manifestations along successive levels of predictive complexity.
Structural neuroimaging of social cognition in progressive non-fluent aphasia and behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia
Results suggest that in spite of similar social cognition impairments reported in bvFTD and PNFA, the former represents an inherent ToM affectation whereas in the PN FA these deficits could be related to more basic processes of face and emotion recognition.
Integrating intention and context: assessing social cognition in adults with Asperger syndrome
The results suggest that adults with AS present a pattern of social cognition deficits characterized by the decreased ability to implicitly encode and integrate contextual information in order to access to the social meaning when social information is explicitly presented or the situation can be navigated with abstract rules, performance is improved.
The extended fronto-striatal model of obsessive compulsive disorder: convergence from event-related potentials, neuropsychology and neuroimaging
- Margherita Melloni, Claudia Urbistondo, L. Sedeño, Carlos Gelormini, R. Kichic, A. Ibáñez
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Hum. Neurosci.
- 24 September 2012
Convergent results suggest the existence of a self-monitoring imbalance involving inhibitory deficits and executive dysfunctions in OCD patients, which would interact with the reduced activation of the parietal-DLPC network, leading to executive dysfunction.
Primary empathy deficits in frontotemporal dementia
The findings highlight the importance of using tasks depicting real-life social scenarios because of their greater sensitivity in the assessment of bvFTD and contribute to the understanding of primary and intrinsic empathy deficits of b vFTD.
Theory of mind and its relationship with executive functions and emotion recognition in borderline personality disorder.
The results suggest that tasks that involve real-life social scenarios and contextual cues are more sensitive to detect ToM and emotion recognition deficits in BPD individuals and indicate that ToM deficits of BPD patients are partially explained by the capacity to integrate cues from face, prosody, gesture, and social context.
Syntax, action verbs, action semantics, and object semantics in Parkinson's disease: Dissociability, progression, and executive influences
Empathy, sex and fluid intelligence as predictors of theory of mind
The anterior cingulate cortex: an integrative hub for human socially-driven interactions
- Claudio Lavin, Camilo Melis, E. Mikulan, Carlos Gelormini, David Huepe, A. Ibáñez
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Neurosci.
- 8 May 2013
A perspective of how to interpret the evidence of ACC involvement in these three processes is presented, an ACC integrative function is proposed, and a methodological pathway to study decision making, empathy, and social interaction in a combined experimental approach is provided.
Attention, in and Out: Scalp-Level and Intracranial EEG Correlates of Interoception and Exteroception
This work provides convergent evidence for the specificity and dynamics of attentional mechanisms involved in interoception through a multidimensional approach combining behavioral measures, analyses of event-related potentials and functional connectivity via high-density electroencephalography, and intracranial recordings.