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Climate change and evolutionary adaptation
TLDR
The challenges to understand when evolution will occur and to identify potential evolutionary winners as well as losers, such as species lacking adaptive capacity living near physiological limits can be met through realistic models of evolutionary change linked to experimental data across a range of taxa. Expand
Adaptation of Drosophila to temperature extremes: bringing together quantitative and molecular approaches
TLDR
The way the Drosophila research has been used to understand the evolution of plastic responses, tradeoffs and limits to selection, and to develop links between laboratory studies and adaptive shifts leading to population and species differences is examined. Expand
Towards an Integrated Framework for Assessing the Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change
TLDR
A novel integrated framework to assess vulnerability and prioritize research and management action aims to improve the ability to respond to this emerging crisis. Expand
Evolutionary Genetics and Environmental Stress
The evolutionary and ecological importance of environmental stress stress and protein variation genetic variation in stress response effects of stress on genetic variation general stress resistanceExpand
Assessing the benefits and risks of translocations in changing environments: a genetic perspective
TLDR
A classification of translocations based on specific genetic goals for both threatened species and ecological restoration is provided, separating targets based on ‘genetic rescue’ of current population fitness from those focused on maintaining adaptive potential. Expand
The wMel Wolbachia strain blocks dengue and invades caged Aedes aegypti populations
TLDR
The successful transinfection of A. aegypti with the avirulent wMel strain of Wolbachia, which induces the reproductive phenotype cytoplasmic incompatibility with minimal apparent fitness costs and high maternal transmission, providing optimal phenotypic effects for invasion is described. Expand
Limits to the adaptive potential of small populations
TLDR
This work states that individuals in small populations have lower fitness owing to environmental stress and genetic problems such as inbreeding, which can substantially increase the extinction probability of populations in changing environments. Expand
Opposing clines for high and low temperature resistance in Drosophila melanogaster.
TLDR
Latitudinal variation in heat and cold resistance in Drosophila melanogaster found opposing clines in resistance to these temperature extremes in comparisons of 17–24 populations from coastal eastern Australia, suggesting both high and low temperature responses can vary with latitude as a consequence of direct or indirect effects of selection. Expand
Successful establishment of Wolbachia in Aedes populations to suppress dengue transmission
TLDR
This work describes how the wMel Wolbachia infection, introduced into the dengue vector Aedes aegypti from Drosophila melanogaster, successfully invaded two natural A. aagypti populations in Australia, reaching near-fixation in a few months following releases of wMel-infected A.A. ae Egyptian adults. Expand
Factors affecting the distribution of cytoplasmic incompatibility in Drosophila simulans.
TLDR
Fitness comparisons of infected and uninfected stocks, including both larval and adult fitness components, indicate that fecundity may be the component most affected, and a theoretical analysis provides some insight into the population biology of the infection. Expand
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