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Radiculopathy and myelopathy at segments adjacent to the site of a previous anterior cervical arthrodesis.
BACKGROUND We studied the incidence, prevalence, and radiographic progression of symptomatic adjacent-segment disease, which we defined as the development of new radiculopathy or myelopathy referableExpand
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Surgical versus nonsurgical therapy for lumbar spinal stenosis.
BACKGROUND Surgery for spinal stenosis is widely performed, but its effectiveness as compared with nonsurgical treatment has not been shown in controlled trials. METHODS Surgical candidates with aExpand
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Adjacent segment degeneration and adjacent segment disease: the consequences of spinal fusion?
Given the number of spinal fusions performed annually, concerns have mounted over the potential for adjacent segment degeneration (radiographic changes of degeneration at levels adjacent to a spinalExpand
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Surgical vs nonoperative treatment for lumbar disk herniation: the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT): a randomized trial.
CONTEXT Lumbar diskectomy is the most common surgical procedure performed for back and leg symptoms in US patients, but the efficacy of the procedure relative to nonoperative care remainsExpand
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Surgical versus nonsurgical treatment for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.
BACKGROUND Management of degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis is controversial. Surgery is widely used, but its effectiveness in comparison with that of nonsurgical treatment has notExpand
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Lumbar Adjacent Segment Degeneration and Disease After Arthrodesis and Total Disc Arthroplasty
Study Design. Systematic review of published incidence of radiographic adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) after arthrodesis or total discExpand
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Surgical Versus Nonoperative Treatment for Lumbar Disc Herniation: Four-Year Results for the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT)
Study Design. Concurrent, prospective, randomized, and observational cohort study. Objective. To assess the 4-year outcomes of surgery versus nonoperative care. Summary of Background Data. AlthoughExpand
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The influence of obesity on the outcome of treatment of lumbar disc herniation: analysis of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT).
BACKGROUND Questions remain as to the effect that obesity has on patients managed for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation. The purpose of this study was to determine if obesity affects outcomesExpand
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Flexion, extension, and lateral bending of the upper cervical spine in response to alar ligament transections.
The purpose of this in vitro experimental study was to determine the role of alar ligaments in providing flexion, extension, and lateral bending stability to the upper cervical spine. Ten fresh humanExpand
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Update on the evidence for adjacent segment degeneration and disease.
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The evidence surrounding the topic of adjacent segment degeneration and disease has increased dramatically with an abundant amount of literature discussing the incidence of andExpand
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