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Epidemic listeriosis--evidence for transmission by food.
The bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is a motile, gram-positive coccobacillus that can frequently be isolated from soil, water, and vegetation. It is a common cause of meningoencephalitis and abort...
Community-wide effects of permethrin-treated bed nets on child mortality and malaria morbidity in western Kenya.
TLDR
In areas with intense malaria transmission with high ITN coverage, the primary effect of insecticide-treated nets is via area-wide effects on the mosquito population and not, as commonly supposed, by simple imposition of a physical barrier protecting individuals from biting.
Bacterial meningitis in the United States, 1986: report of a multistate surveillance study. The Bacterial Meningitis Study Group.
TLDR
A prospective, laboratory-based surveillance project obtained accurate data on meningitis in a population of 34 million people during 1986, suggesting that improvements in early detection and antibiotic treatment may have occurred since that time.
The effect of malaria and malaria prevention in pregnancy on offspring birthweight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth retardation in rural Malawi.
TLDR
Use of an effective antimalarial (MQ) was protective against LBW through its effect on reducing placental and umbilical cord blood malaria infection, and effective prevention of malaria in pregnant women in malaria-endemic settings may reduce the likelihood of LBW by 5-14%, and may reduced the amount of preventableLBW by more than 30%.
Genetic variation in Pneumocystis carinii isolates from different geographic regions: implications for transmission.
TLDR
Genetic variation at the two loci suggests that most cases of PCP do not result from infections acquired early in life, that infections are actively acquired from a relatively common source (humans or the environment), and that humans, while not necessarily involved in direct infection of other humans, are nevertheless important in the transmission cycle of P. carinii f.
PREVALENCE OF VIABLE TOXOPLASMA GONDII IN BEEF, CHICKEN, AND PORK FROM RETAIL MEAT STORES IN THE UNITED STATES: RISK ASSESSMENT TO CONSUMERS
TLDR
Overall, the prevalence of viable T. gondii in retail meat was very low, Nevertheless, consumers, especially pregnant women, should be aware that they can acquire T. Gondii infection from ingestion of undercooked meat, and in particular, pork.
Risk Factors for Kala-Azar in Bangladesh
TLDR
Strong clustering is confirmed and it is suggested that insecticide-treated nets could be effective in preventing kala-azar.
Prediction, assessment of the Rift Valley fever activity in East and Southern Africa 2006-2008 and possible vector control strategies.
TLDR
Using satellite measurements of global and regional elevated sea surface temperatures, elevated rainfall, and satellite derived-normalized difference vegetation index data, this series of prospective predictions of RVF outbreaks provides a baseline for improved early warning, control, response planning, and mitigation into the future.
Epidemiologic studies of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Guatemala.
TLDR
A study in health-care facilities and among raspberry farm workers, as well as a case-control study, to assess risk factors for the cyclosporiasis outbreaks in Guatemala found infection was most common among children 1.5 to 9 years old and among persons with gastroenteritis.
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