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PERSPECTIVE: THE PACE OF MODERN LIFE: MEASURING RATES OF CONTEMPORARY MICROEVOLUTION
  • A. Hendry, M. Kinnison
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic…
  • 1 December 1999
TLDR
Evaluating methods for measuring and specifying rates of microevolution in the wild, with particular regard to studies of contemporary, often deemed “rapid,” evolution, provides a number of suggestions that should improve study design, inference, and clarity of presentation. Expand
Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology
Recent research has revealed that evolution often occurs on contemporary timescales, often within decades. Contemporary evolution is associated with the same factors that are driving the currentExpand
Climate change, adaptation, and phenotypic plasticity: the problem and the evidence
TLDR
Evidence for genetic adaptation to climate change has been found in some systems, but is still relatively scarce and it is clear that more studies are needed – and these must employ better inferential methods – before general conclusions can be drawn. Expand
Improving the forecast for biodiversity under climate change
TLDR
This work identifies six biological mechanisms that commonly shape responses to climate change yet are too often missing from current predictive models and prioritize the types of information needed to inform each of these mechanisms, and suggests proxies for data that are missing or difficult to collect. Expand
Human influences on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations
TLDR
Human activities can expose populations to dramatic environmental perturbations, which may then precipitate adaptive phenotypic change, and these changes sometimes have a genetic basis, and analyses suggest a particularly important contribution from phenotypesic plasticity. Expand
Potential responses to climate change in organisms with complex life histories: evolution and plasticity in Pacific salmon
TLDR
A conceptual model of how changing environmental conditions shift phenotypic optima and, through plastic responses, phenotype distributions, affecting the force of selection is presented. Expand
Secondary sexual characters, energy use, senescence, and the cost of reproduction in sockeye salmon
TLDR
Compared to populations with long freshwater migrations, Bristol Bay sockeye salmon stored less fat before entering fresh water and used lessfat before death, and most development of secondary sexual characters occurred late in maturation, perhaps to forestall deterioration of muscle tissue. Expand
The ecological importance of intraspecific variation
TLDR
A meta-analysis comparing the ecological effects of variation within a species with the effects of species replacement or renewal shows that intraspecific effects may be comparable to, or sometimes stronger than, species effects. Expand
Relaxed selection in the wild.
TLDR
This work provides a prospectus and a framework for understanding relaxed selection and trait loss in natural populations, and examines its implications for applied issues, such as antibiotic resistance and the success of invasive species. Expand
The multifarious effects of dispersal and gene flow on contemporary adaptation
TLDR
It is suggested that an intermediate level of gene flow will allow the greatest adaptive divergence, owing to genetic/demographic rescue and ‘reinforcement’ and once a certain level of dispersal is reached, it is predicted that a further increase may have negative effects on adaptive divergence. Expand
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