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Tobacco smoking, but not Swedish snuff use, increases the risk of multiple sclerosis
Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of tobacco smoking and Swedish snuff use on the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: A population-based case-controlExpand
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High body mass index before age 20 is associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis in both men and women
In a Swedish population-based case-control study (1571 cases, 3371 controls), subjects with different body mass indices (BMIs) were compared regarding multiple sclerosis (MS) risk, by calculatingExpand
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Shift work at young age is associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis
Environmental factors play a prominent role in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential association between shift work and MS risk, which hasExpand
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Alcohol as a modifiable lifestyle factor affecting multiple sclerosis risk.
IMPORTANCE Alcohol consumption may be a modifiable lifestyle factor that affects the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). Results of previous studies have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE ToExpand
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Neonatal vitamin D status and risk of multiple sclerosis
Low vitamin D status at birth may be associated with risk of adult onset multiple sclerosis, but this link has not been studied directly. We assessed the relation between neonatal vitamin DExpand
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Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis
Background: Tobacco smoking has consistently been associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis. However, data has been inconsistent regarding the influence of passive smoking. Objective: TheExpand
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Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis: interaction with HLA
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, history of infectious mononucleosis (IM) and HLA-A and DRB1 have all been proposed as risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). Our aim was to analyse possibleExpand
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Smoking and multiple sclerosis susceptibility
Smoking is one of the most established risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to investigate how age at smoking debut, duration, intensity and cumulative dose of smoking,Expand
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Mendelian randomization shows a causal effect of low vitamin D on multiple sclerosis risk
Objective: We sought to estimate the causal effect of low serum 25(OH)D on multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility that is not confounded by environmental or lifestyle factors or subject to reverseExpand
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Lipid-specific immunoglobulin M in CSF predicts adverse long-term outcome in multiple sclerosis
Background and Objective The presence of lipid-specific immunoglobulin M bands in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) predicts an aggressive course in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosisExpand
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