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Aging is associated with chronic innate immune activation and dysregulation of monocyte phenotype and function
Chronic inflammation in older individuals is thought to contribute to inflammatory, age‐related diseases. Human monocytes are comprised of three subsets (classical, intermediate and nonclassicalExpand
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Antimicrobial and immune modulatory effects of lactic acid and short chain fatty acids produced by vaginal microbiota associated with eubiosis and bacterial vaginosis
Lactic acid and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by vaginal microbiota have reported antimicrobial and immune modulatory activities indicating their potential as biomarkers of disease and/orExpand
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  • Open Access
The importance of monocytes and macrophages in HIV pathogenesis, treatment, and cure
Monocytes and macrophages play critical roles in HIV transmission, viral spread early in infection, and as a reservoir of virus throughout infection. There has been a recent resurgence of interest inExpand
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Inhibition of telomerase activity by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors: a potential factor contributing to HIV-associated accelerated aging.
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on combination active antiretroviral therapy (cART) are at increased risk of age-related complications. We hypothesized thatExpand
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  • Open Access
An NK Cell Population Lacking FcRγ Is Expanded in Chronically Infected HIV Patients
We previously demonstrated that NK cells from HIV-infected individuals have elevated expression of activation markers, spontaneously degranulate ex vivo, and decrease expression of aExpand
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Inflammatory Co-morbidities in HIV+ Individuals: Learning Lessons from Healthy Ageing
Increased life expectancy due to improved efficacy of cART has uncovered an increased risk of age-related morbidities in HIV+ individuals and catalyzed significant research into mechanisms drivingExpand
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Vaginal lactic acid elicits an anti-inflammatory response from human cervicovaginal epithelial cells and inhibits production of pro-inflammatory mediators associated with HIV acquisition
Inflammation in the female reproductive tract (FRT) is associated with increased HIV transmission. Lactobacillus spp. dominate the vaginal microbiota of many women and their presence is associatedExpand
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  • Open Access
Associations between surface markers on blood monocytes and carotid atherosclerosis in HIV‐positive individuals
Chronic HIV infection is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including in patients with virological suppression. Persistent innate immune activation may contribute to theExpand
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Factors Influencing Antiretroviral Adherence and Virological Outcomes in People Living with HIV in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is paramount for virological suppression and positive treatment outcomes. ART has been rapidly scaled up in Papua New Guinea (PNG) in recent years, howeverExpand
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Virologically Suppressed HIV Patients Show Activation of NK Cells and Persistent Innate Immune Activation
FcRγ is an ITAM-containing adaptor required for CD16 signaling and function in NK cells. We have previously shown that NK cells from HIV patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)Expand
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