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A Common Variant in the FTO Gene Is Associated with Body Mass Index and Predisposes to Childhood and Adult Obesity
TLDR
A genome-wide search for type 2 diabetes–susceptibility genes identified a common variant in the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene that predisposes to diabetes through an effect on body mass index (BMI).
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
TLDR
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility.
Genome-wide association study of 14,000 cases of seven common diseases and 3,000 shared controls
TLDR
This study has demonstrated that careful use of a shared control group represents a safe and effective approach to GWA analyses of multiple disease phenotypes; generated a genome-wide genotype database for future studies of common diseases in the British population; and shown that, provided individuals with non-European ancestry are excluded, the extent of population stratification in theBritish population is generally modest.
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
TLDR
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation.
Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
TLDR
Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity.
New genetic loci implicated in fasting glucose homeostasis and their impact on type 2 diabetes risk
TLDR
It is demonstrated that genetic studies of glycemic traits can identify type 2 diabetes risk loci, as well as loci containing gene variants that are associated with a modest elevation in glucose levels but are not associated with overt diabetes.
Replication of Genome-Wide Association Signals in UK Samples Reveals Risk Loci for Type 2 Diabetes
TLDR
These findings provide insight into the genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes, emphasizing the contribution of multiple variants of modest effect and underscore the importance of pathways influencing pancreatic beta cell development and function in the etiology of type 1 diabetes.
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association data and large-scale replication identifies additional susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes
TLDR
The results illustrate the value of large discovery and follow-up samples for gaining further insights into the inherited basis of T2D, and detect at least six previously unknown loci with robust evidence for association.
Large-scale association analysis provides insights into the genetic architecture and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes
TLDR
A meta-analysis of genetic variants on the Metabochip, including 34,840 cases and 114,981 controls, finds a long tail of additional common variant loci explaining much of the variation in susceptibility to type 2 diabetes.
Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height
TLDR
The results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number of causal variants, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid.
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