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Muscle dysmorphia. An underrecognized form of body dysmorphic disorder.
Neuropsychological performance in long-term cannabis users.
- H. Pope, A. Gruber, J. I. Hudson, M. Huestis, D. Yurgelun-Todd
- Medicine, PsychologyArchives of general psychiatry
- 1 October 2001
Some cognitive deficits appear detectable at least 7 days after heavy cannabis use but appear reversible and related to recent cannabis exposure rather than irreversible andrelated to cumulative lifetime use.
Body image perception among men in three countries.
The wide discrepancy between men's actual muscularity and their body ideals may help explain the apparent rise in disorders such as muscle dysmorphia and anabolic steroid abuse.
Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys.
- H. Pope, R. Olivardia, A. Gruber, J. Borowiecki
- PsychologyThe International journal of eating disorders
- 1 July 1999
The physiques of male action toys--small plastic figures used by children in play--would provide some index of evolving American cultural ideals of male body image and suggest that cultural expectations may contribute to body image disorders in both sexes.
Early-onset cannabis use and cognitive deficits: what is the nature of the association?
Psychiatric and Medical Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Women
Dedicated women athletes exhibit not only AAS abuse, but use of many other ergogenic drugs, sometimes associated with significant morbidity, and frequently display several psychiatric syndromes which have not previously been well described.
Over-the-Counter Drug Use in Gymnasiums: An Underrecognized Substance Abuse Problem?
- G. Kanayama, A. Gruber, H. G. Pope, Jr., J. Borowiecki, J. Hudson
- Medicine, Political SciencePsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
- 20 April 2001
Millions of men and women are currently using potent drugs, widely sold over the counter as ‘supplements’, despite their known adverse effects, unknown long-term risks, and possible potential for causing abuse or dependence.
The residual neuropsychological effects of cannabis: the current status of research.
Marijuana use among adolescents.
Residual neuropsychologic effects of cannabis
It appears safe to conclude that deficits in attention and memory persist for at least several days after discontinuing regular heavy cannabis use, and it seems likely that such long-term effects, if they exist, are subtle and not clinically disabling—at least in the majority of cases.