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The Global Ecology and Epidemiology of West Nile Virus
Since its initial isolation in Uganda in 1937 through the present, West Nile virus (WNV) has become an important cause of human and animal disease worldwide. WNV, an enveloped virus of the genusExpand
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Genetic Variability of West Nile Virus in US Blood Donors, 2002–2005
This virus is diverging from precursor isolates as its geographic distribution expands.
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Monocytes‐macrophages are a potential target in human infection with West Nile virus through blood transfusion
BACKGROUND:  West Nile virus (WNV) transmission by transfusion was documented in 2002. Approximately 80 percent of WNV infections are asymptomatic and 1 percent develop severe neurological illness.Expand
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Anti-West Nile virus activity of in vitro expanded human primary natural killer cells
BackgroundNatural Killer (NK) cells are a crucial component of the host innate immune system with anti-viral and anti-cancer properties. However, the role of NK cells in West Nile virus (WNV)Expand
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Microarray-based assay for the detection of genetic variations of structural genes of West Nile virus.
Adaptation through fixation of spontaneous mutations in the viral genome is considered to be one of the important factors that enable recurrent West Nile virus (WNV) outbreaks in the U.S. GeneticExpand
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Dengue virus and other arboviruses: a global view of risks
Arboviruses (arthropod‐borne viruses) are an ecological group of viruses from different families (e.g. Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae and Togaviridae) that use arthropods such as mosquitoes, flies andExpand
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Genetic Variability of West Nile Virus in U.S. Blood Donors from the 2012 Epidemic Season
West Nile virus (WNV) is an arbovirus maintained in nature in a bird-mosquito enzootic cycle which can also infect other vertebrates including humans. WNV is now endemic in the United States (U.S.),Expand
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Development of a microarray-based assay for rapid monitoring of genetic variants of West Nile virus circulating in the United States.
West Nile virus (WNV) has become endemic in the Western Hemisphere since its first introduction in the United States in 1999. An important factor associated with annual reoccurrence of WNV outbreaksExpand
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Application of a full-genome microarray-based assay for the study of genetic variability of West Nile virus.
Viral adaptation through fixation of spontaneous mutations is an important factor potentially associated with reoccurrence of West Nile virus (WNV) outbreaks in the New World. The emergence of newExpand
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A Zika Reference Panel for Molecular-Based Diagnostic Devices as a US Food and Drug Administration Response Tool to a Public Health Emergency.
In 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) appeared as an emerging pathogen, generating a global and urgent need for accurate diagnostic devices. During this public health crisis, several nucleic acid testingExpand
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