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Impacts of climate changes on crop physiology and food quality
Carbon emissions related to human activities have been significantly contributing to the elevation of atmospheric [CO2] and temperature. More recently, carbon emissions have greatly accelerated, thus
Sugarcane as a Bioenergy Source: History, Performance, and Perspectives for Second-Generation Bioethanol
For hundreds of years, sugarcane has been a main source of sugar, used as a sweetener, and alcohol, fermented from the plant juice. The high cost of petroleum towards the end of the twentieth century
Responses of Senna reticulata, a legume tree from the Amazonian floodplains, to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration and waterlogging
Key messageThe Amazonian treeSenna reticulatashowed an increase in photosynthesis and starch content under elevated [CO2] that led an increment in biomass after 90 days. Elevated [CO2] was also
Amazon forest response to CO2 fertilization dependent on plant phosphorus acquisition
Global terrestrial models currently predict that the Amazon rainforest will continue to act as a carbon sink in the future, primarily owing to the rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2)
Lignin plays a key role in determining biomass recalcitrance in forage grasses
Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant renewable feedstock, rich in polysaccharides that are covalently linked with lignin. In this study, biomass composition of nine forage grasses revealed
Eucalyptus Cell Wall Architecture: Clues for Lignocellulosic Biomass Deconstruction
The architecture, composition, and chemical properties of wood cell walls have a direct influence on the process that occurs prior to fermentation in second-generation biofuel production. The
Inorganics in sugarcane bagasse and straw and their impacts for bioenergy and biorefining: A review
Abstract Sugarcane is the base of a successful agroindustrial system in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This industry is evolving towards diversification of its product
Apoplastic and intracellular plant sugars regulate developmental transitions in witches’ broom disease of cacao
Phytopathogens can co-opt plant primary metabolism to enhance pathogenesis and pathogen nutrition and sensing and modulation of compartmentalized carbon availability can also temporally regulate disease development in witches’ broom disease of cacao.
Correlation of Apiose Levels and Growth Rates in Duckweeds
It is suggested that apiose levels could be good biomarkers for growth capacity of duckweeds and boron uptake could be an important factor for growth control in this aquatic plant family.
Physical and chemical characterization of the 2019 “black rain” event in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo, Brazil
Abstract Aerosols emitted from biomass burning in South American tropical forests have been a concern in the last decades. On August 19th, 2019 darkened precipitation was observed over the