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Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion
Abstract In the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique, the existence of Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) is the essential requisite for meaningful application of theoreticalExpand
From single pulse to double pulse ns-Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy under water: Elemental analysis of aqueous solutions and submerged solid samples
Abstract In this paper the developments of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) underwater have been reviewed to clear up the basic aspects of this technique as well as the main peculiaritiesExpand
Experimental and theoretical comparison of single-pulse and double-pulse laser induced breakdown spectroscopy on metallic samples
In this paper, single pulse (SP)- and double pulse (DP)- Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) on metallic titanium, aluminum-based alloy and copper-based alloy have been studied by spectrallyExpand
Sample treatment and preparation for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Abstract One of the most widely cited advantages of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is that it does not require sample preparation, but this may also be the biggest factor holding it backExpand
Double pulse laser produced plasma on metallic target in seawater: basic aspects and analytical approach
In this work, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been applied in seawater using a dual pulse laser source. Fundamental aspects of laser-induced plasma under water as well as the effects of theExpand
Laser-induced plasma expansion: theoretical and experimental aspects
Abstract Theoretical and experimental efforts to describe the expansion of laser-induced plasma plume are reviewed. Particular attention has been devoted to a comparison between experimental andExpand
Effects of the background environment on formation, evolution and emission spectra of laser-induced plasmas
Abstract In this paper the most important features of Laser Induced Plasma (LIP) evolution were analyzed from the fundamental point of view, in order to point out the effects of backgroundExpand
Multi-methodological investigation of kunzite, hiddenite, alexandrite, elbaite and topaz, based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and conventional analytical techniques for supporting
Gem-quality alexandrite, hiddenite and kunzite, elbaite and topaz minerals were characterized through a multi-methodological investigation based on EMPA-WDS, LA-ICP-MS, and laser-induced breakdownExpand
Experimental characterization of metallic titanium-laser induced plasma by time and space resolved optical emission spectroscopy
Abstract Time and space resolved optical emission spectroscopy has been successfully employed to investigate the evolution of the plasma produced by the interaction of UV laser beam with a metallicExpand
Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Elemental Analysis in Environmental, Cultural Heritage and Space Applications: A Review of Methods and Results
Analytical applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), namely optical emission spectroscopy of laser-induced plasmas, have been constantly growing thanks to its intrinsic conceptual simplicity and versatility. Expand