• Publications
  • Influence
War in Human Civilization
  • A. Gat
  • History, Political Science
  • 1 March 2012
PART 1: WARFARE IN THE FIRST TWO MILLION YEARS: ENVIRONMENT, GENES, AND CULTURE 1. Introduction: The Human 'State of Nature' 2. Peaceful or War-like: Did Hunter-Gatherers Fight? 3. Why Fighting? TheExpand
The Pattern of Fighting in Simple, Small-Scale, Prestate Societies
  • A. Gat
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 1 December 1999
This article shows that the pattern of human fighting among hunter-gatherers and simple horticulturalists was not very different from that prevailing among animals species; indeed, it is explained byExpand
The Human Motivational Complex: Evolutionary Theory and the Causes of Hunter-Gatherer Fighting. Part I. Primary Somatic and Reproductive Causes
This study addresses the causes of fighting among hunter-gatherers, whose way of life represents 99.5 percent of human history. Focusing an somatic and reproductive causes in Part I and on suchExpand
The Origins of Military Thought: From the Enlightenment to Clausewitz
Introduction: Machiavelli and the classical notion of the lessons of history in the study of war. Part 1 The military school of the Enlightenment: Montecuccoli - the impact of proto-science onExpand
Social organization, group conflict and the demise of Neanderthals
The article suggests that violent conflict, neglected by recent scholarship, was a key factor in bringing about the Neanderthals' demise in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition. Relying on theExpand
Proving communal warfare among hunter‐gatherers: The quasi‐rousseauan error
  • A. Gat
  • History, Medicine
  • Evolutionary anthropology
  • 6 May 2015
All human populations during the Pleistocene, until about 12,000 years ago, were hunter‐gatherers, or foragers, of the simple, mobile sort that lacked accumulated resources, so anthropology should have been uniquely positioned to answer the question of aboriginal human fighting or lack thereof. Expand
The Return of Authoritarian Great Powers
TODAY'S GLOBAL liberal democratic order faces two challenges. The first is radical Islam-and it is the lesser ofthe two challenges. Although the proponents of radical Islam find liberal democracyExpand
So Why Do People Fight? Evolutionary Theory and the Causes of War
  • A. Gat
  • Sociology
  • 1 December 2009
The causes of war remain a strangely obscure subject in the discipline of International Relations. Although the subject is of cardinal significance, theories of International Relations address itExpand
Is war declining – and why?
The article reviews and assesses the recent literature that claims a sharp decrease in fighting and violent mortality rate since prehistory and during recent times. It also inquires into the causesExpand
Why War? Motivations for Fighting in the Human State of Nature
The chapter addresses the causes of fighting among hunter-gatherers, whose way of life represents 99.5% of the history of the genus Homo and about 90% of that of Homo sapiens sapiens. Based onExpand