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Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
TLDR
The results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome are reported and an initial analysis is presented, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the sequence. Expand
Efficient de novo assembly of highly heterozygous genomes from whole-genome shotgun short reads.
TLDR
Platanus provides a novel and efficient approach for the assembly of gigabase-sized highly heterozygous genomes and is an attractive alternative to the existing assemblers designed for genomes of lower heterozygosity. Expand
The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype
TLDR
Whole-genome comparisons illuminate the murky relationships among the three chordate groups (tunicates, lancelets and vertebrates), and allow not only reconstruction of the gene complement of the last common chordate ancestor but also partial reconstruction of its genomic organization. Expand
The Physcomitrella Genome Reveals Evolutionary Insights into the Conquest of Land by Plants
TLDR
This comparison reveals genomic changes concomitant with the evolutionary movement to land, including a general increase in gene family complexity; loss of genes associated with aquatic environments; acquisition of genes for tolerating terrestrial stresses; and the development of the auxin and abscisic acid signaling pathways for coordinating multicellular growth and dehydration response. Expand
A map of rice genome variation reveals the origin of cultivated rice
TLDR
In-depth analyses of the domestication sweeps and genome-wide patterns reveal that Oryza sativa japonica rice was first domesticated from a specific population of O. rufipogon around the middle area of the Pearl River in southern China, and was subsequently developed from crosses between japonicas rice and local wild rice as the initial cultivars spread into South East and South Asia. Expand
Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change
TLDR
Corals inhabit environments where they are frequently exposed to high levels of solar radiation, and analysis of the Acropora genome data indicates that the coral host can independently carry out de novo synthesis of mycosporine-like amino acids, which are potent ultraviolet-protective compounds. Expand
The medaka draft genome and insights into vertebrate genome evolution
TLDR
A high-quality draft genome sequence of a small egg-laying freshwater teleost, medaka, revealed that eight major interchromosomal rearrangements took place in a remarkably short period of ∼50 Myr after the whole-genome duplication event in the teleost ancestor and afterwards, intriguingly, the medaka genome preserved its ancestral karyotype for more than 300‬Myr. Expand
The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21
TLDR
The sequence and gene catalogue of the long arm of chromosome 21, the smallest human autosome, is reported, and structural features identified include duplications that are probably involved in chromosomal abnormalities and repeat structures in the telomeric and pericentromeric regions. Expand
Identification of RNF213 as a Susceptibility Gene for Moyamoya Disease and Its Possible Role in Vascular Development
TLDR
Evidence is provided suggesting, for the first time, the involvement of RNF213 in genetic susceptibility to moyamoya disease, and a founder haplotype transmitted in 42 families is revealed. Expand
Draft Assembly of the Symbiodinium minutum Nuclear Genome Reveals Dinoflagellate Gene Structure
TLDR
The first draft assembly of a dinoflagellate nuclear genome is described, providing insights into its genome organization and gene inventory and laying the foundation for future studies of this remarkable group of eukaryotes. Expand
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