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Baselines and Degradation of Coral Reefs in the Northern Line Islands
Effective conservation requires rigorous baselines of pristine conditions to assess the impacts of human activities and to evaluate the efficacy of management. Most coral reefs are moderately toExpand
Contrasts in density, size, and biomass of reef fishes between the northwestern and the main Hawaiian islands: the effects of fishing down apex predators
A comparison between the northwestern Hawaiian islands (NWHI), a large, remote, and lightly fished area, and the main Hawaiian islands (MHI), an urbanized, heavily fished area, revealed dramaticExpand
Habitat characteristics affecting fish assemblages on a Hawaiian coral reef
Habitat characteristics of a reef were examined as potential influences on fish assemblage structure, using underwater visual census to estimate numbers and biomass of all fishes visible on 42Expand
Scale-dependent effects of habitat on movements and path structure of reef sharks at a predator-dominated atoll.
The effects of habitat on the ecology, movements, and foraging strategies of marine apex predators are largely unknown. We used acoustic telemetry to quantify the movement patterns of blacktip reefExpand
Evaluation of a conservation strategy: a spawning aggregation closure for red hind, Epinephelus guttatus, in the U.S. Virgin Islands
Many tropical reef fishes spawn in large aggregations, which are readily targeted by fishers. By the 1980s, at least two grouper spawning aggregations were eliminated by intensive fishing off theExpand
From principles to practice: a spatial approach to systematic conservation planning in the deep sea
Increases in the demand and price for industrial metals, combined with advances in technological capabilities have now made deep-sea mining more feasible and economically viable. In order to balanceExpand
Is la nd s The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Main Hawaiian Islands
INTRODUCTION AND SETTING Hawaii is one of the most isolated archipelagos in the world and as a result, possesses some of the highest marine endemism recorded anywhere on earth. Because they areExpand
Functional over-redundancy and high functional vulnerability in global fish faunas on tropical reefs
Significance Our results indicate that, even in highly diverse systems like coral reefs, we can no longer assume that the erosion of species diversity can be discounted by the high probability ofExpand
Effects of habitat, wave exposure, and marine protected area status on coral reef fish assemblages in the Hawaiian archipelago
The relationships between fish assemblages, their associated habitat, and degree of protection from fishing were evaluated over a broad spatial scale throughout the main Hawaiian islands. Most fishExpand
Recovery potential of the world's coral reef fishes
Continuing degradation of coral reef ecosystems has generated substantial interest in how management can support reef resilience. Fishing is the primary source of diminished reef function globally,Expand