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Childhood blindness in the context of VISION 2020--the right to sight.
The major causes of blindness in children vary widely from region to region, being largely determined by socioeconomic development, and the availability of primary health care and eye care services.Expand
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Retinopathy of prematurity in middle-income countries
BACKGROUND In the 1940s and 1950s retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was the single commonest cause of blindness in children in many industrialised countries; it now accounts for only 6-18% ofExpand
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Childhood blindness
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to summarize available data regarding pediatric blinding diseases worldwide and to present the most up-to-date information on childhood blindness in the UnitedExpand
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Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the National Blindness and Visual Impairment Study.
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among adults aged > or = 40 years in Nigeria. METHODS Multistage, stratified, cluster random sampling with probabilityExpand
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Prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children in a rural area of Tanzania
AIMS The study measured the prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children between 7 and 19 years of age in a rural area of Tanzania, and investigated whether teachers could successfullyExpand
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The impact of Vision 2020 on global blindness
IntroductionRecent data suggest that there are 37 million blind people and 124 million with low vision, excluding those with uncorrected refractive errors. The main causes of global blindness areExpand
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Diagnosis and Assessment of Trachoma
SUMMARY Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Clinical grading with the WHO simplified system can be highly repeatable provided graders are adequately trained and standardized. At theExpand
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Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Nakuru district, Kenya.
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of avoidable blindness in > or =50-year-olds in Nakuru district, Kenya, and to evaluate the Rapid Assessment for Avoidable Blindness (RAAB), a new methodology toExpand
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Vitamin A supplements and mortality related to measles: a randomised clinical trial.
One hundred and eighty children admitted with measles were randomly allocated to receive routine treatment alone or with additional large doses of vitamin A (200,000 IU orally immediately and againExpand
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Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey
BackgroundCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among older people in Africa. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of urbanization and ethnicity with CVD risk markersExpand
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