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Tick-borne encephalitis virus - a review of an emerging zoonosis.
During the last 30 years, there has been a continued increase in human cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Europe, a disease caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). TBEV is endemic inExpand
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MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TERRESTRIAL RABIES IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
Fifty-five rabies virus isolates originating from different regions of the former Soviet Union (FSU) were compared with isolates originating from Eurasia, Africa, and North America according toExpand
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A comparison of bats and rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic viruses: are bats special?
Bats are the natural reservoirs of a number of high-impact viral zoonoses. We present a quantitative analysis to address the hypothesis that bats are unique in their propensity to host zoonoticExpand
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Current status of rabies and prospects for elimination
Summary Rabies is one of the most deadly infectious diseases, with a case-fatality rate approaching 100%. The disease is established on all continents apart from Antarctica; most cases areExpand
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Viruses selectively upregulate Toll-like receptors in the central nervous system.
The resting CNS is an immunospecialized environment, devoid of most immune processes, although substantial inflammatory responses can be initiated. The innate immune mechanisms mediating recognitionExpand
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Development of a Real-Time, TaqMan Reverse Transcription-PCR Assay for Detection and Differentiation of Lyssavirus Genotypes 1, 5, and 6
ABSTRACT Several reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) methods have been reported for the detection of rabies and rabies-related viruses. These methods invariably involve multiple transfers of nucleicExpand
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Factors influencing the antibody response of dogs vaccinated against rabies.
Since 2000, there has been a legal requirement in the UK that dogs and cats should have an effective rabies vaccination with demonstrable sero-conversion if their owners wish to avoid quarantine onExpand
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Bat Flight and Zoonotic Viruses
High metabolism and body temperatures of flying bats might enable them to host many viruses.
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Factors affecting the serological response of dogs and cats to rabies vaccination
After being vaccinated against rabies some cats and dogs fail to show an antibody titre adequate to meet the requirements of the UK Pet Travel Scheme. To investigate this problem, the data derivedExpand
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Spill-over of European bat lyssavirus type 1 into a stone marten (Martes foina) in Germany.
European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1, genotype 5) is known to endemically circulate in insectivorous bat populations in Germany. In August 2001, a rabies suspect stone marten (Martes foina) wasExpand
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