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Reproducibility, power and validity of visual analogue scales in assessment of appetite sensations in single test meal studies
VAS scores are reliable for appetite research and do not seem to be influenced by prior diet standardization, however, consideration should be given to the specific parameters being measured, their sensitivity and study power. Expand
Glucagon-like peptide 1 promotes satiety and suppresses energy intake in humans.
The results show that GLP-1 enhanced satiety and reduced energy intake and thus may play a physiological regulatory role in controlling appetite and energy intake in humans. Expand
A meta-analysis of the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide on ad libitum energy intake in humans.
The aim was to examine the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 on subsequent energy intake using a data set composed of subject data from previous studies and from two as yet unpublished studies, and investigate whether the effect on energy intake is dose dependent and differs between lean and overweight subjects. Expand
No difference in body weight decrease between a low-glycemic-index and a high-glycemic-index diet but reduced LDL cholesterol after 10-wk ad libitum intake of the low-glycemic-index diet.
This study does not support the contention that low-fat LGI diets are more beneficial than HGI diets with regard to appetite or body-weight regulation as evaluated over 10 wk, but it confirms previous findings of a beneficial effect ofLGI diets on risk factors for ischemic heart disease. Expand
Meals with similar energy densities but rich in protein, fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol have different effects on energy expenditure and substrate metabolism but not on appetite and energy intake.
The data do not support the proposed relation between the macronutrient oxidation hierarchy and the satiety hierarchy, and despite differences in substrate metabolism and hormone concentrations, satiety and ad libitum energy intake were not significantly different between meals. Expand
Effects of PYY1-36 and PYY3-36 on appetite, energy intake, energy expenditure, glucose and fat metabolism in obese and lean subjects.
Peptide YY (PYY)(3-36) has been shown to produce dramatic reductions in energy intake (EI), but no human data exist regarding energy expenditure (EE), glucose and fat metabolism. Nothing is knownExpand
Dietary supplement use by varsity athletes at a Canadian university.
A need for nutrition education among both varsity athletes and university students is indicated, with many subjects indicated knowing little about supplements and wanting to learn more. Expand
Effect of sensory perception of foods on appetite and food intake: a review of studies on humans
Results from studies investigating the link between the sensory perception of food and human appetite regulation are reviewed, finding that increasing the food variety can increase food and energy intake and in the short to medium term alter energy balance. Expand
The use of glycaemic index tables to predict glycaemic index of composite breakfast meals.
The prediction models show that the GI of mixed meals is more strongly correlated either with fat and protein content, or with energy content, than with carbohydrate content alone and furthermore that carbohydrates do not play the most important role for GI in mixed breakfast meals. Expand
Associations between postprandial insulin and blood glucose responses, appetite sensations and energy intake in normal weight and overweight individuals: a meta-analysis of test meal studies
It is concluded that the postprandial insulin response may be an important satiety signal, and that central nervous system insulin resistance in overweight might explain the blunted effect on appetite. Expand