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A 2 X 2 achievement goal framework.
A 2 x 2 achievement goal framework comprising mastery-appro approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance- avoidance goals was proposed and tested in 3 studies and revealed distinct empirical profiles for each of the achievement goals.
Approach and avoidance motivation and achievement goals
Achievement goal researchers and theorists have relied primarily on the distinction between performance goals and mastery goals in differentiating competence-based strivings. In this article, an
A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation was proposed and tested in a college classroom. Mastery, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals were assessed and
Goal striving, need satisfaction, and longitudinal well-being: the self-concordance model.
  • K. Sheldon, A. Elliot
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 March 1999
An integrative model of the conative process, which has important ramifications for psychological need satisfaction and hence for individuals' well-being, is presented and is shown to provide a satisfactory fit to 3 longitudinal data sets and to be independent of the effects of self-efficacy, implementation intentions, avoidance framing, and life skills.
On the measurement of achievement goals: critique, illustration, and application
The authors identified several specific problems with the measurement of achievement goals in the current literature and illustrated these problems, focusing primarily on A. J. Elliot and H. A.
Approach and avoidance achievement goals and intrinsic motivation: A mediational analysis.
nMost contemporary achievement goal conceptualizations consist of a performance goal versus mastery goal dichotomy. The present research offers an alternative framework by partitioning the
Approach-avoidance motivation in personality: approach and avoidance temperaments and goals.
The hypothesis that approach and avoidance temperaments represent the foundation of several basic dimensions espoused in the trait adjective, affective disposition, and motivational system approaches to personality is examined.
Achievement goals, study strategies, and exam performance: A mediational analysis.
Two studies examined achievement goals as predictors of self-reported cognitive/ metacognitive and motivational study strategies and tested these study strategies as mediators of the relationship
What is satisfying about satisfying events? Testing 10 candidate psychological needs.
Supporting self-determination theory postulates--autonomy, competence, and relatedness, were consistently among the top 4 needs, in terms of both their salience and their association with event-related affect.