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Grit: perseverance and passion for long-term goals.
The importance of intellectual talent to achievement in all professional domains is well established, but less is known about other individual differences that predict success. The authors tested theExpand
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Development and Validation of the Short Grit Scale (Grit–S)
In this article, we introduce brief self-report and informant-report versions of the Grit Scale, which measures trait-level perseverance and passion for long-term goals. The Short Grit Scale (Grit–S)Expand
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Personality Psychology and Economics
This paper explores the power of personality traits both as predictors and as causes of academic and economic success, health, and criminal activity. Measured personality is interpreted as aExpand
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The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits
This paper explores the interface between personality psychology and economics. We examine the predictive power of personality and the stability of personality traits over the life cycle. We developExpand
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Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents
In a longitudinal study of 140 eighth-grade students, self-discipline measured by self-report, parent report, teacher report, and monetary choice questionnaires in the fall predicted final grades,Expand
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Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance
Grit: The Power Of Passion And Perseverance PDF, Grit: The Power Of Passion And Perseverance PDF Download, Download Grit: The Power Of Passion And Perseverance PDF, Grit: The Power Of Passion AndExpand
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A Meta-Analysis of the Convergent Validity of Self-Control Measures.
There is extraordinary diversity in how the construct of self-control is operationalized in research studies. We meta-analytically examined evidence of convergent validity among executive function,Expand
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An opportunity cost model of subjective effort and task performance.
Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted overExpand
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Self-discipline gives girls the edge : Gender in self-discipline, grades, and achievement test scores
Throughout elementary, middle, and high school, girls earn higher grades than boys in all major subjects. Girls, however, do not outperform boys on achievement or IQ tests. To date, explanations forExpand
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Measurement Matters
There has been perennial interest in personal qualities other than cognitive ability that determine success, including self-control, grit, growth mind-set, and many others. Attempts to measure suchExpand
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