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Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change
Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 109 hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to agriculture by 2050, accompanied by 2.4- to 2.7-fold increases in nitrogen- and phosphorus-driven eutrophication of terrestrial, freshwater, and near-shore marine ecosystems. Expand
Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota
To improve the ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact. Expand
Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases.
- S. Altizer, A. Dobson, P. Hosseini, P. Hudson, M. Pascual, P. Rohani
- Biology, Medicine
- Ecology letters
- 1 April 2006
Examples from human and wildlife disease systems are reviewed to illustrate the challenges inherent in understanding the mechanisms and impacts of seasonal environmental drivers, and to highlight general insights that are relevant to other ecological interactions. Expand
Heterogeneities in macroparasite infections : patterns and processes.
Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases
Overall, despite many remaining questions, current evidence indicates that preserving intact ecosystems and their endemic biodiversity should generally reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases. Expand
Trade-offs across Space, Time, and Ecosystem Services
Ecosystem service (ES) trade-offs arise from management choices made by humans, which can change the type, magnitude, and relative mix of services provided by ecosystems. Trade-offs occur when the… Expand
Population Dynamics of Pathogens with Multiple Host Species
- A. Dobson
- Biology, Medicine
- The American Naturalist
- 1 November 2004
The conditions for establishment and long‐term population dynamic behavior of pathogens that infect multiple species of hosts are examined and the role that biodiversity plays in buffering humans and other species against new and emerging pathogens is addressed. Expand
Projected Impacts of Climate and Land-Use Change on the Global Diversity of Birds
Although climate change will severely affect biodiversity, in the near future, land-use change in tropical countries may lead to yet greater species loss, so a vastly expanded reserve network in the tropics will be needed to minimize global extinctions. Expand
Introduced species and their missing parasites
The number of parasite species found in native populations is twice that found in exotic populations, and introduced populations are less heavily parasitized than are native populations. Expand
Patterns of macroparasite abundance and aggregation in wildlife populations: a quantitative review.
Using a relatively new technique for parasitological infection data - tree-based models, as well as traditional linear models - a number of the parasitic infections was found to be associated with systematically lower or higher parasite burdens. Expand