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Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change
Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 109 hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to agriculture by 2050, accompanied by 2.4- to 2.7-fold increases in nitrogen- and phosphorus-driven eutrophication of terrestrial, freshwater, and near-shore marine ecosystems.
Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota
To improve the ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact.
Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases.
- S. Altizer, A. Dobson, P. Hosseini, P. Hudson, M. Pascual, P. Rohani
- Environmental ScienceEcology Letters
- 1 April 2006
Examples from human and wildlife disease systems are reviewed to illustrate the challenges inherent in understanding the mechanisms and impacts of seasonal environmental drivers, and to highlight general insights that are relevant to other ecological interactions.
Introduced species and their missing parasites
- M. Torchin, K. Lafferty, A. Dobson, V. McKenzie, A. Kuris
- Biology, Environmental ScienceNature
- 6 February 2003
The number of parasite species found in native populations is twice that found in exotic populations, and introduced populations are less heavily parasitized than are native populations.
Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases
Overall, despite many remaining questions, current evidence indicates that preserving intact ecosystems and their endemic biodiversity should generally reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases.
Heterogeneities in macroparasite infections : patterns and processes.
Trade-offs across Space, Time, and Ecosystem Services
Ecosystem service (ES) trade-offs arise from management choices made by humans, which can change the type, magnitude, and relative mix of services provided by ecosystems. Trade-offs occur when the…
Population Dynamics of Pathogens with Multiple Host Species
- A. Dobson
- Environmental ScienceAmerican Naturalist
- 1 November 2004
The conditions for establishment and long‐term population dynamic behavior of pathogens that infect multiple species of hosts are examined and the role that biodiversity plays in buffering humans and other species against new and emerging pathogens is addressed.
Projected Impacts of Climate and Land-Use Change on the Global Diversity of Birds
Although climate change will severely affect biodiversity, in the near future, land-use change in tropical countries may lead to yet greater species loss, so a vastly expanded reserve network in the tropics will be needed to minimize global extinctions.
Transmission Dynamics and Prospects for the Elimination of Canine Rabies
It is found that the basic reproductive number for rabies, R0, is very low in the study area in rural Africa and throughout its historic global range, which provides strong support for the feasibility of controlling endemic canine rabies by vaccination by vaccination.