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Goal-directed instrumental action: contingency and incentive learning and their cortical substrates
The process of incentive learning is evident in the acquisition of control over performance by primary motivational states and the prelimbic area of prefrontal cortex plays a role in the contingency learning, whereas the incentive learning for food rewards involves the insular cortex. Expand
Actions and habits: the development of behavioural autonomy
The study of animal behaviour has been dominated by two general models. According to the mechanistic stimulus-response model, a particular behaviour is either an innate or an acquired habit which isExpand
Episodic-like memory during cache recovery by scrub jays
It is shown that scrub jays remember ‘when’ food items are stored by allowing them to recover perishable ‘wax worms’ (wax-moth larvae) and non-perishable peanuts which they had previously cached in visuospatially distinct sites. Expand
Neuronal coding of prediction errors.
The coding of prediction errors may represent a basic mode of brain function that may also contribute to the processing of sensory information and the short-term control of behavior. Expand
Within Compound Associations Mediate the Retrospective Revaluation of Causality Judgements
  • A. Dickinson, John Burke
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology…
  • 1 February 1996
The role of within-compound associations in the retrospective revaluation of causality judgements was investigated in a two-stage procedure in which the subjects were asked to learn whether or notExpand
Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory
The data indicate that the use of analytical tests derived from formal behavioural learning theory provides a powerful approach for studying the role of single neurons in learning. Expand
Dissociation of Pavlovian and instrumental incentive learning under dopamine antagonists.
The administration of the dopamine antagonists, pimozide and alpha-flupenthixol, to rats reduced Pavlovian-instrumental transfer when a conditioned stimulus (CS) that had been paired with aExpand
Motivational control of goal-directed action
The control of goal-directed, instrumental actions by primary motivational states, such as hunger and thirst, is mediated by two processes. The first is engaged by the Pavlovian association betweenExpand
Instrumental Responding following Reinforcer Devaluation
In two experiments, hungry rats were given instrumental lever-press training for an appetitive reinforcer and, in addition, were exposed to another type of food which was not contingent on leverExpand
The neuropsychological basis of addictive behaviour
The argument advanced in this review is that drug addiction can be understood in terms of normal learning and memory systems of the brain which, through the actions of chronically self-administeredExpand