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Dynamics of a stressful encounter: cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.
An intraindividual analysis of the interrelations among primary appraisal, secondary appraisal, eight forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping, and encounter outcomes in a sample of community-residing adults clarifies the functional relations among appraisal and coping variables and the outcomes of stressful encounters.
Appraisal, coping, health status, and psychological symptoms.
The pattern of relations indicated that certain variables were positively associated and others negatively associated with symptoms, but they did explain a significant amount of the variance in psychological symptoms.
The impact of daily stress on health and mood: psychological and social resources as mediators.
The data suggest that persons with low psychosocial resources are vulnerable to illness and mood disturbance when their stress levels increase, even if they generally have little stress in their lives.
Relationship of daily hassles, uplifts, and major life events to health status
Although studies of major life events continue to dominate the stress literature, such events have not been shown to be strong predictors of future illness. The present study examined the
Effects of daily stress on negative mood.
Results reveal the complex emotional effects of daily stressors, and in particular they suggest that future investigations should focus primarily on interpersonal conflicts.
Coping in context: the role of stress, social support, and personality in coping.
The costs and benefits of the daily process methodology for addressing questions of stress, coping, and social support are discussed, highlighting the clinical utility of findings gleaned with the use of this approach.
Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.
Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and
The interactional context of problem-, emotion-, and relationship-focused coping: the role of the big five personality factors.
It is suggested that a model of coping that considers both agentic and communal dimensions of stressful situations, includes interpersonal dimensions of coping, and considers personality and situation factors in tandem is needed to increase the predictive utility of current models.
Coping with interpersonal stress: role of big five traits.
The present study highlights the importance of considering personality in context when examining coping behaviors in stepfamily context and examines the independent and interactive effects of personality and situation on coping.