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Continuous support for women during childbirth.
BACKGROUND Historically, women have generally been attended and supported by other women during labour. However, in hospitals worldwide, continuous support during labour has often become theExpand
Continuous cardiotocography (CTG) as a form of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) for fetal assessment during labour.
BACKGROUND Cardiotocography (CTG) records changes in the fetal heart rate and their temporal relationship to uterine contractions. The aim is to identify babies who may be short of oxygen (hypoxic)Expand
Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia for pain management in labour.
BACKGROUND Epidural analgesia is a central nerve block technique achieved by injection of a local anaesthetic close to the nerves that transmit pain, and is widely used as a form of pain relief inExpand
Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing.
BACKGROUND The admission cardiotocograph (CTG) is a commonly used screening test consisting of a short (usually 20 minutes) recording of the fetal heart rate (FHR) and uterine activity performed onExpand
Immersion in water during labour and birth.
BACKGROUND Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there areExpand
Parenteral opioids for maternal pain management in labour.
BACKGROUND Parenteral opioids (intramuscular and intravenous drugs including patient-controlled analgesia) are used for pain relief in labour in many countries throughout the world. This review is anExpand
Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, 6 July
Un soutien continu pendant le travail peut ameliorer les resultats pour les femmes et les nourrissons, notamment une augmentation de la naissance vaginale spontanee, une duree plus courte du travailExpand
Fundal pressure during the second stage of labour.
BACKGROUND Fundal pressure during the second stage of labour (also known as the 'Kristeller manoeuvre') involves application of manual pressure to the uppermost part of the uterus directed towardsExpand
Effect of partograph use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term and their babies.
BACKGROUND The partograph (sometimes known as partogram) is usually a pre-printed paper form on which labour observations are recorded. The aim of the partograph is to provide a pictorial overview ofExpand
Core outcome sets for prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international Delphi consensus study
To develop core outcome sets (COS) for studies evaluating interventions for (1) prevention and (2) treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), and recommendations on how to report the COS.