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New primers for promising single-copy genes in fungal phylogenetics and systematics
Degenerate primers that amplify the single-copy genes Mcm7 (MS456) and Tsr1 (MS277) across a wide range of Pezizomycotina (Ascomycota) are reported and analyses suggest that the new primers will need no, or only minor sequence modifications to amplify Saccharomycotins, Taphrinomycotinas and Basidiomycota.
Using a temporal phylogenetic method to harmonize family- and genus-level classification in the largest clade of lichen-forming fungi
A recently developed temporal approach that uses time-calibrated chronograms to identify temporal bands for specific ranks in Parmeliaceae and allied groups with the overarching goal of establishing a consistent, stable classification is used.
DNA extraction and PCR amplification method suitable for fresh, herbarium-stored, lichenized, and other fungi
The DNA extraction method is fast and reliable, comparatively inexpensive and is suitable for obtaining PCR amplification quality DNA from large numbers of samples in a short time.
Fungal specificity and selectivity for algae play a major role in determining lichen partnerships across diverse ecogeographic regions in the lichen‐forming family Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota)
It is concluded that fungal specificity and selectivity for algal partners play a major role in determining lichen partnerships, potentially superseding ecology, at least at the ecogeographic scale investigated here.
Melanelixia and Melanohalea, two new genera segregated from Melanelia (Parmeliaceae) based on molecular and morphological data.
- Oscar Blanco, A. Crespo, P. Divakar, T. L. Esslinger, D. Hawksworth, H. Lumbsch
- BiologyMycological research
- 1 August 2004
The phylogeny was studied using a Bayesian analysis of a combined data set of nuclear ITS, LSU rDNA and mitochondrial SSU rDNA sequences to provide a basis for a revised generic concept of the brown parmelioid lichens hitherto classified in Melanelia.
Finding needles in haystacks: linking scientific names, reference specimens and molecular data for Fungi
A set of standards and protocols are proposed to improve the data quality of new sequences, and it is suggested how type and other reference sequences can be used to improve identification of Fungi.
Genetic distances within and among species in monophyletic lineages of Parmeliaceae (Ascomycota) as a tool for taxon delimitation.
A molecular phylogeny and a new classification of parmelioid lichens containing Xanthoparmelia-type lichenan (Ascomycota: Lecanorales)
The results indicate that the lichens containing Xanthoparmelia-type lichenan form a monophyletic group, however, the segregates proposed earlier do not form distinct clades within the group.
A first checklist of parmelioid and similar lichens in Europe and some adjacent territories, adopting revised generic circumscriptions and with indications of species distributions
- D. Hawksworth, Oscar Blanco, P. Divakar, T. Ahti, A. Crespo
- Environmental ScienceThe Lichenologist
- 1 January 2008
A checklist with the current species placements in the parmelioid lichens of Europe is presented, and one new combination is made: Xanthoparmelia pulvinaris (syn. Parmelia Pulvinaris, X. pseudohungarica).
A review of the lichen family Parmeliaceae - history, phylogeny and current taxonomy.
The largest family of lichen-forming fungi, the Parmeliaceae, is reviewed and it is shown to be monophyletic and the generic classification is relatively well-settled compared with other lecanoralean families.