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  • Influence
Effectiveness and efficiency: random reflections on health services
TLDR
The National Health Service Evaluation of evidence Effectiveness and efficiency Illustrative examples A preliminary evaluation Equality in the health services Conclusions Summary Postcript References Some reflections Obituary.
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CARDIAC MORTALITY IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE CONSUMPTION OF WINE
TLDR
There is a strong and specific negative association between ischaemic heart-disease deaths and alcohol consumption and this is shown to be wholly attributable to wine consumption.
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Acetyl Salicyclic Acid in the Secondary Prevention of Mortality from Myocardial Infarction
TLDR
The results of a randomized controlled trial of a single daily dose of acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) in the prevention of reinfarction in 1,239 men who had had a recent myocardial infarct showed a reduction in total mortality of 12% at six months and 25% at twelve months after admission to the trial.
Validation of screening procedures.
Health service 'input' and mortality 'output' in developed countries.
TLDR
There is a marked positive association between the prevalence of doctors and mortality in the younger age groups, and Gross national product per head is the principal variable which shows a consistently strong negative association with mortality.
The relevance in adults of air-flow obstruction, but not of mucus hypersecretion, to mortality from chronic lung disease. Results from 20 years of prospective observation.
TLDR
A moderate relationship existed between initial mucus hypersecretion and subsequent lung cancer mortality, but it is not known whether this was due solely to a common correlation of both conditions with the effective degree of exposure of the large bronchi to causative factors such as tobacco smoke.
Evaluation of the Hypertensive Patient with Emphasis on Detecting Curable Causes
TLDR
It may be inadvisable to treat hypertension when the patient has a disease that is a greater threat to his survival than the elevated blood pressure, unless the urgency of the situation demands immediate treatment.
Relation between Radiographic Categories of Coalworkers' Pneumoconiosis and Expectation of Life
A 20-year follow-up of the male population of the Rhondda Fach, examined in 1950-1, has been completed. Survival rates for miners and ex-miners appear independent of the x-ray category of
The Attack Rate of Progressive Massive Fibrosis
  • A. Cochrane
  • Medicine
    British journal of industrial medicine
  • 1 January 1962
TLDR
It is argued that the logical way to control the appearance of progressive massive fibrosis is to concentrate on preventing miners reaching category 2 of simple pneumoconiosis, and evidence is presented that considerable progression of simpleneumoconiosis has been occurring during the past eight years amongst coal-face workers at the collieries in this area.
Tuberculosis and coalworkers' pneumoconiosis.
  • A. Cochrane
  • Medicine
    The British journal of tuberculosis and diseases…
  • 1 October 1954
Summary A review of the evidence on the prevalence, attack, and mortality rates for tuberculosis in coalminers leads to a simple hypothesis that a little coal dust retained in the lungs has a
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