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Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia
TLDR
By intelligent manipulation of habitat complexity, it could be possible to enhance not only the number of species that can live in oil palm plantations but also their contribution to the healthy functioning of this exceptionally important and widespread landscape.
The diversity of beetle assemblages in different habitat types in Sabah, Malaysia.
TLDR
The diversity of beetle assemblages in different habitat types in Sabah, Malaysia was investigated using three different methods based on habitat levels, with oil palm plantation assemblage being most severely affected, followed by acacia plantation and then logged forest.
Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain
TLDR
This investigation of the evolutionary routes to endemism on the 4,095-metre-high Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, East Malaysia finds that most of its unique biodiversity is younger than the mountain itself, and comprises a mix of immigrant pre-adapted lineages and descendants from local lowland ancestors, although substantial shifts from lower to higher vegetation zones in this latter group were rare.
Does logging and forest conversion to oil palm agriculture alter functional diversity in a biodiversity hotspot?
TLDR
This work uses morphological and behavioural traits to calculate a variety of functional diversity measures across a gradient of disturbance from primary forest through intensively logged forest to oil palm, indicating a decrease in the functional capacity of dung beetles within plantations.
Co-Benefits of Sustainable Forest Management in Biodiversity Conservation and Carbon Sequestration
TLDR
The application of SFM to degraded natural production forests could result in greater diversity and abundance of vertebrate species as well as increasing carbon storage in the tropical rain forest ecosystems.
Oil palm expansion into rain forest greatly reduces ant biodiversity in canopy, epiphytes and leaf-litter
TLDR
It was found that non-native ant species were more abundant in oil palm than in forest, and few forest ant species survived in plantations in any of the microhabitats.
Interaction between flowers, ants and pollinators: additional evidence for floral repellence against ants
TLDR
The results are consistent with the hypothesis that ants may negatively affect plant fitness by reduced intensity of pollinator visits and that ants are repelled from flowers of many tropical plant species, although this repellence is clearly not ubiquitous.
Selective‐logging and oil palm: multitaxon impacts, biodiversity indicators, and trade‐offs for conservation planning.
TLDR
Using a systematic conservation planning analysis, it is shown that efficient protection of primary-forest species is achieved with land portfolios that include a large proportion of logged-forest plots, and is a cost-effective method of protecting an ecologically and taxonomically diverse range of species, particularly when conservation budgets are limited.
Quantitative extraction of macro-invertebrates from temperate and tropical leaf litter and soil: efficiency and time-dependent taxonomic biases of the Winkler extraction
TLDR
Optimum extraction times for the abundant macro-invertebrate groups and possible adjustment factors for the soil macro- invertebrates of temperate woodlands are proposed to compensate the taxonomic bias caused by short extraction periods.
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